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  • 1.
    Cowley, Benjamin
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kosunen, Ilkka
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Lankoski, Petri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kivikangas, J Matias
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Järvelä, Simo
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ekman, Inger
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / University of Tampere, Finland.
    Kemppainen, Jaakko
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ravaja, Niklas
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Experience Assessment and Design in the Analysis of Gameplay2014In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826X, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 41-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report research on player modeling using psychophysiology and machine learning, conducted through interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers of computer science, psychology, and game design at Aalto University, Helsinki. First, we propose the Play Patterns And eXperience (PPAX) framework to connect three levels of game experience that previously had remained largely unconnected: game design patterns, the interplay of game context with player personality or tendencies, and state-of-the-art measures of experience (both subjective and non-subjective). Second, we describe our methodology for using machine learning to categorize game events to reveal corresponding patterns, culminating in an example experiment. We discuss the relation between automatically detected event clusters and game design patterns, and provide indications on how to incorporate personality profiles of players in the analysis. This novel interdisciplinary collaboration combines basic psychophysiology research with game design patterns and machine learning, and generates new knowledge about the interplay between game experience and design.

  • 2.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    A two-dimensional model for measurement of political orientation2014In: On conference website, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often measured on a single right-left (or conservative-liberal) continuum, individual political orientation can be conceptualized as consisting of at least two orthogonal dimensions. The first is acceptance vs. rejection of social change, and the second is acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the former dimension is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the latter dimension is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation vs. openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the self-protection vs. growth dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the personal vs. social focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed both one-dimensional and two-dimensional measures of political orientation, measures of social dominance orientation, right wing authoritarianism, system justification, need for cognitive closure, moral motives, values, dependence on others, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable not only theoretically, but also empirically. Our findings call for using two-dimensional measures of political orientation instead of one-dimensional measures (even in cultural contexts where both dimensions are highly correlated), because each dimension can be used to predict its own set of political beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.

  • 3.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Uppsala University.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the bases for system justification and dependence on others2014In: ISJR Conference Program, 2014, p. 133-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the psychological bases of political orientation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests a theoretical model where the social dimension of political orientation (acceptance vs. rejection of social change) is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the economic dimension (acceptance vs. rejection of inequality) is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. {Schwartz, 1992 #322}Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable, both theoretically and empirically. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 5.
    Edwardsson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kontorslandskap och sensory-processing sensitivitet: Vilken betydelse har de för välbefinnande, hälsa och arbetsvillkor hos designstudenter?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kontorslandskap är en vanligt förekommande kontorsdesign och fördelar och nackdelar med att arbeta i sådan miljö är oklara. Syften med denna studie var att a) undersöka hur individer upplever att arbeta i kontorslandskap och vad det kan ha för konsekvenser för hälsa och arbetsvillkor, och b) undersöka deras grad av känslighet i förhållande till kontorslandskap, hälsa och arbetsvillkor. Studenter vid Beckmans designhögskola deltog i studien genom att fylla i en enkät. Resultaten visade att upplevelse av kontorslandskap var relaterat till anspänning av arbete och arbetstillfredsställelse men inte till sensory-processing sensitivitet vilket är delvis i linje med tidigare forskning. Att uppleva kontorslandskap som positivt kan kopplas till högre arbetstillfredsställelse och lägre anspänning av arbetet. Att ha en hög grad av sensitivitet kunde även kopplas till sämre mental hälsa och välbefinnande. Slutsatsen som drogs var att kontorslandskap tycks gynna individer i vissa typer av arbetsprocesser, men att det krävs vidare forskning för vad som ligger bakom upplevelsen av kontorslandskap.

  • 6.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    High-level proficiency in late L2 acquisition: Relationships between collocational production, language aptitude and personality2013In: Sensitive periods, language aptitude, and ultimate L2 attainment / [ed] Granena, G., & Long, M., Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013, p. 231-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Lankoski, Petri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Järvelä, Simo
    CKIR.
    An Embodied Cognition Approach for Understanding Role-playing2012In: International Journal of Role-playing, ISSN 2210-4909, Vol. 3, p. 18-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article proposes that the theories of grounded cognition and embodiment can be utilized in explaining the role-playing experience. Embodied cognition theories assume that cognition is not only a feature of the brain, but the body as a whole and it’s interaction with the environment  it operates in. Grounded cognition proposes that an action, perceiving an action, and thinking about an action rely on the same processes. Moreover, knowledge is inseparably grounded to bodily states and modalities. Based on the grounded cognition theory and especially embodiment, we argue the character immersion and bleed are natural consequences on how the brain works. Also we illustrate how the operation of  simulators explain some of the central features in the creation of fiction and it’s similarities to our everyday experiences. In general, grounded cognition provides a rather simple explanation how fiction is experienced as in this theoretical framework action and thinking about an action largely utilize the same brain mechanics and so are phenomenally similar.

  • 8.
    Montgomery, Henry
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson, Philip
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Temporal distance and the perception of political proposals in terms of their favorability, feasibility and desirability2015In: 2015 Program The Society for Personality and Social psychology 16th Annual Convention: Long Beach, February 26-18, 2015, 2015, p. 56-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty-one university college students were presented with 10 political proposals, recently advanced in Sweden. For each participant, each of the 10 proposals  was described as being implemented in the near future and in a more distant future. The participants were asked to judge the proposals in terms of their favorability, desirability, and feasibility. In line with Construal Level Theory (CLT, Trope & Liberman, 2010), it was found that feasibility better predicted favorability of close future proposals (as compared to temporally distant proposals) whereas the opposite pattern was found for desirability.  Also in line with CLT, correlational data suggested that participants to a larger extent as compared to the near future tailored their representations of the distant future such that feasibility co-varied positively with the desirability of a proposal, suggesting an optimism bias. Presumably, this was possible because feasibility is less concrete and more malleable for more distant events.

  • 9.
    Salih, Pola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kvällsmänniskor mer intelligenta än morgonmänniskor: Samband mellan IQ och dygnsrytm, IQ och sömnvanor, samt mellan kön och IQ2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Intelligens handlar om förmågan att förstå, lösa problem, planera, tänka abstrakt, bearbeta information, tillgodogöra sig ny kunskap, samt förmågan att anpassa sig till sin miljö. Tidigare studier visar att kvällsmänniskor har högre IQ än morgonmänniskor. En orsak är att intelligenta personer är mer progressiva. Studier visar också att det inte finns könsskillnader i IQ. I denna studie undersöks om det finns ett samband mellan intelligens och dygnsrytm, samt mellan intelligens och faktiska sovtider. Ett annat syfte med denna undersökning var att undersöka om det finns skillnader i intelligens mellan män och kvinnor. Experimentet bistod av 250 deltagare, varav 151 kvinnor och 99 män i åldrarna 15-60. Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices användes för att mäta deltagarnas IQ. Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) användes för att ta reda på deltagarnas dygnsrytm, och deltagarnas faktiska sovtider skrevs i timme och minut. Resultaten visade att kvällsmänniskor har i genomsnitt högre IQ än morgonmänniskor. Ett samband mellan deltagarnas faktiska sovtider och IQ fanns inte. Vidare visade resultaten att det inte finns någon skillnad i IQ mellan män och kvinnor.

  • 10.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Environments for Imitation: Second-Language Use and Development through Embodied Participation in Preschool Routine ActivitiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Play, Culture and Learning: Studies of Second-Language and Conceptual Development in Swedish Preschools2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies how second-language and conceptual development emerge through interactions in Swedish preschool environments. It studies how types of interaction, such as play, can scaffold children toward such developments.

    The studies view interaction as multimodal and embodied and it is examined how children come to use and develop their second language or understanding of abstract concepts, through a range of communicative means other than language.

    The data collection has been carried out in two separate periods. The first field-work followed two newcomer children developing a second language and the second field-work was conducted with a group of children during a project about spinning.

    The results concerning second-language development show how children can engage in play activity even before they share a common language, and that this can be afforded by the character of play activity as based on rules and tacit understanding of relevant cultural patterns. Teachers also engage in so called guided play, that affords scaffolding for children. Play activities in the preschool function as an arena for children to interact, imitate the cultural rules and patterns around them and emergingly use their second language. Moreover, the preschools are structured for children’s participation through their cultural pattern and imitable structures, and that these affordances can be used by children in their play.

    The results concerning conceptual development builds on the notion that children develop in relation with cultural tools and artefacts and that this is a highly perceptual and embodied process. It is exemplified how preschool’s provide environment and activities that can afford conceptual development, not least through use of digital tools, which also allows teachers to appropriate children’s play worlds to a pedagogical project. The teacher’s scaffolding interactions and use of the affordances of tools and the environment enable children to reason about the concepts in more conceptually conscious ways.

    The overall conclusions of the thesis point to the importance of non-verbal and environmental resources in children’s development of a second language and abstract concepts. On these grounds, the thesis suggests a novel way to view scaffolding, by including the environmental affordances to this otherwise social process.

  • 12.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Psychology.
    Improvisation as a mindset for enhancing artistic potential2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to improvise can be regarded as the core in innovative and creative behaviour regardless of field and domain. Improvisation involves a readiness to deal with the unexpected and to create novelty as well as an ability to initiate similar events. Yet, our immediate understanding of improvisation as mainly a part of a performance might cause us to disregard how improvisation could be a crucial part in the process of enhancing the artistic potential.

         As the professional singing voice has many different meanings and uses for the singers (Sandgren, 2010), and one of the central meanings is the voice as means to maintain a high singing ability, therefore it would be valuable to investigate the activity of improvisation as  means or  consistent approach to create new perspectives and ideas.

         The focus of this theoretical paper is on improvisation as a certain mindset that can be developed through training. The line of thought draws on research on creativity and improvisation in cognition and neuroscience (Dietrich, 2004; Kaufman & Sternberg, 2010). Findings on improvisation in domains such as music (Berliner, 1994; MacDonald et al., 2006; Sandgren, 2005), psychotherapy (Stern et al, 1998) and organisations (Weick, 1995; 1998) will be compared.

  • 13.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Körsång, välbefinnande och vitalitet2013In: Manskörssång i tid och rum: Akademiska Sångföreningen 1838–2013: 175- årsjubileumsskrift / [ed] Michaela Bränn, Helsingfors, Finland: Akademiska Sångföreningen , 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    An empirical test of a two-dimensional model of political orientation: Disentangling the liberal-conservative continuum2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation can be conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the social and economic aspects of political orientation are both theoretically and empirically separable, and can be at least partially explained with the importance of basic values. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 15.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Stockholms universitet.
    Testing a new theoretical model of political orientation: Findings beyond the simple liberal-conservative division2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation is primarily comprised of two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent both dimensions (corresponding to acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively). Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of these psychological variables. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in pronounced system justification tendencies, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represent low system justification. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

    To explain individual political orientation, we propose and successfully test a theoretical model where two primary dimensions of acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy are combined resulting in the secondary dimensions of high vs. low system justification, and high vs. low dependence on others.

  • 16.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    A comparative study of psychological mechanisms underlying political orientation in an old and a new democracy2015In: 2015 Program The Society for Personality and Social psychology 16th Annual Convention: Long Beach, February 26-18, 2015, 2015, p. 505-Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 16 of 16
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