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  • 1.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellgren, Carina
    International Programme Office, Stockholm.
    Working Conditions for Female and Immigrant Cleaners in Stockholm County: An Intersectional Approach2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 161-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. KTH.
    Imamovic, Amra
    KTH.
    Bolin, Karl
    KTH.
    Buller i Silverdal 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att buller orsakar ohälsa för många medborgare både i Europa generellt, och i Sverige. De två viktigaste negativa hälsoeffekterna av buller är försämrad sömn och bullerstörning. Trafikbuller är den främsta orsaken till dessa effekter.

    I denna studie användes enkäter samt data från bullerkartor för att undersöka bullerstörning från trafik. Av de 1168 personerna i urvalet deltog 678 personer. Deltagarna svarade på 39 frågor rörande: buller, hälsa, rekreationsbeteende, luftkvalitéupplevelse samt demografi.

    Studiens första syfte var att undersöka bullerstörning från vägtrafik och spårtrafik, hos boende i Silverdal. Resultatet visade att de boende i Silverdal är mer störda av buller än genomsnittet i Sverige, men även jämfört med de beräknade störningsnivåerna från bullerkartorna. Faktorerna som starkast påverkade störning från vägtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, den upplevda luftkvalitén hemma, utbildningsnivå, om sovrumsfönstret vette mot en lokalgata samt attityd till vägtrafik. Motsvarande faktorer för spårtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, sovrumsfönster mot spår samt utbildningsnivå.

    Studiens andra syfte undersökte upplevelse av rekreationsmöjligheter och rekreationsbeteende. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av deltagarna upplever mycket bra möjligheter till rekreation. Områden, nära hemmet, med natur samt med lägre nivåer av bullernivåer, var mest besökta.

    Studiens tredje syfte var att undersöka hur boende i Silverdal upplevde luftkvalitén. Resultatet visar att utomhusluften är det som upplevs mest problematiskt, medan färre upplever inomhusluften som dålig.

    Studien visar att många boende i Silverdal är störda av buller, både jämfört med nationella undersökningar, men även i relation till den beräknade bullerstörningsnivån från bullerkartor. Rekreationsmiljön i området upplevs som relativt god och lufkvalitén upplevs som ett relativt mindre problem jämfört med bullret. Utomhusmiljön är den miljö som upplevs som är mest problematiskt för boende. Bulleråtgärder utomhus längs bullerkällornas sträckning rekommenderas, dels eftersom de efterfrågas av de boende, del för att de  minskar bullret både utomhus och inomhus.

  • 3.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Perspectives on wanted and unwanted sounds in outdoor environments: Studies of masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An acoustic environment contains sounds from various sound sources, some generally perceived as wanted, others as unwanted. This thesis examines the effects of wanted and unwanted sounds in acoustic environments, with regard to masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility.

    In urban settings, masking of unwanted sounds by sounds from water structures has been suggested as a way to improve the acoustic environment. However, Study I showed that the unwanted (road traffic) sound was better at masking the wanted (water) sound than vice versa, thus indicating that masking of unwanted sounds with sounds from water structures may prove difficult. Also, predictions by a partial loudness model of the auditory periphery overestimated the effect of masking, indicating that centrally located informational masking processes contribute to the effect. Some environments have also been shown to impair stress recovery; however studies using only auditory stimuli is lacking. Study II showed that a wanted (nature) sound improve stress recovery compared to unwanted (road traffic, ambient) sounds. This suggests that the acoustic environment influences stress recovery and that wanted sounds may facilitate stress recovery compared to unwanted sounds. An additional effect of unwanted sounds is impeded speech communication, commonly measured with speech intelligibility models. Study III showed that speech intelligibility starts to be negatively affected when the unwanted (aircraft sound) masker have equal or higher sound pressure level as the speech sound. Three models of speech intelligibility (speech intelligibility index, partial loudness and signal–to–noise ratio) predicted this effect well, with a slight disadvantage for the signal–to–noise ratio model. Together, Study I and III suggests that the partial loudness model is useful for determining effects of wanted and unwanted sounds in outdoor acoustic environments where variations in sound pressure level are large. But, in environments with large variations in other sound characteristics, models containing predictions of central processes would likely produce better results.

    The thesis concludes that wanted and unwanted characteristics of sounds in acoustic environments affect masking, stress recovery, and speech intelligibility, and that auditory perception models can predict these effects.

  • 4.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nordström, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lundén, Peter
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Aircraft noise and speech intelligibility in an outdoor living space2014In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 135, no 6, p. 3455-3462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of effects on speech intelligibility from aircraft noise in outdoor places are currently lacking. To explore these effects, first-order ambisonic recordings of aircraft noise were reproduced outdoors in a pergola. The average background level was 47 dB L-Aeq. Lists of phonetically balanced words (L-ASmax,L- word = 54 dB) were reproduced simultaneously with aircraft passage noise (L-ASmax,L- noise = 72-84 dB). Twenty individually tested listeners wrote down each presented word while seated in the pergola. The main results were (i) aircraft noise negatively affects speech intelligibility at sound pressure levels that exceed those of the speech sound (signal-to-noise ratio, S/N < 0), and (ii) the simple A-weighted S/N ratio was nearly as good an indicator of speech intelligibility as were two more advanced models, the Speech Intelligibility Index and Glasberg and Moore's [J. Audio Eng. Soc. 53, 906-918 (2005)] partial loudness model. This suggests that any of these indicators is applicable for predicting effects of aircraft noise on speech intelligibility outdoors.

  • 5.
    Alvarsson, Jesper J.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Wiens, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Stress Recovery during Exposure to Nature Sound and Environmental Noise2010In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 1036-1046Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that visual impressions of natural compared with urban environments facilitate recovery after psychological stress. To test whether auditory stimulation has similar effects, 40 subjects were exposed to sounds from nature or noisy environments after a stressful mental arithmetic task. Skin conductance level (SCL) was used to index sympathetic activation, and high frequency heart rate variability (HF HRV) was used to index parasympathetic activation. Although HF HRV showed no effects, SCL recovery tended to be faster during natural sound than noisy environments. These results suggest that nature sounds facilitate recovery from sympathetic activation after a psychological stressor.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Fem kvinnor som krossat glastaket: Styrkor och utmaningar i en kvinnlig ledningsgrupp2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore strengths and challenges in an all-female executive team. The subject of female executive teams is relatively unexplored, why the study contributes with a new perspective on the dynamics and processes occurring in an all-female executive team. 45-minute interviews were conducted with each member of the group, which consists of five women between the age of 50 and 61. Together they constitute an executive team in a Swedish organization. A thematic analysis was conducted and four themes were identified, as follows: openness, respect, inefficient processes and homogeneity. In general, the group is perceived to be well-functioning, and they consistently emphasize positive qualities within their group. Among other things, they talk about an open climate, absence of prestige and express care for each other. To some extent, the group is homogeneous. This makes them at risk of groupthink and missing perspectives, although there is no indication in the interviews that this is occurring. They do however express a lack of time and strategic work, deficiencies in structure and to some extent a too large need for control. The study’s findings are discussed in relation to previous research on power structures, gender studies and group development. At last, suggestions are given for further studies to explore whether it is the gender composition or the women's personalities that make the group so well-functioning.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Sarah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Elvaåringars syn på människor med psykisk ohälsa: en kvalitativ studie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen om barns syn på psykisk ohälsa är knapp och bristen på skalor gör det svårt att generalisera resultat. Därför genomfördes en kvalitativ studie med syfte att undersöka hur 11-åringar upplever psykiskt sjuka, om de har fördomar gentemot människor med psykisk ohälsa och i sådana fall varför. Halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes på svenska 11-åringar från två olika skolor. Deltagarna visade sig ha liten kunskap om psykisk ohälsa. Deltagarna hade vissa stereotyper och fördomar gentemot psykiskt sjuka även om de också visade empati särskilt då de kände någon med psykisk sjukdom. Det talades väldigt lite om psykiska sjukdomar i både skolan och hemmet, även i de fall då familjemedlemmar hade psykiska sjukdomar. Slutsatsen dras att fördomar gentemot människor med psykisk ohälsa finns även hos barn och försök till att förhindra detta bör rikta in sig på att sprida kunskap, öppet kommunicera om psykiska sjukdomar i skolan och vården bör uppmuntra till kommunikation i hemmet då barn diagnostiseras med psykiska sjukdomar.

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  • 8.
    Andrén, Victoria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Öjemyr, Torun Lindholm
    Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Yourstone, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Damberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Västmanland County Hospital, Sweden.
    Gender and arson: psychosocial, psychological, and somatic offender characteristics at the time of the crime2023In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, ISSN 1478-9949, E-ISSN 1478-9957, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 113-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberate fire-setting, such as the crime of arson, can have devastating, even lethal, consequences. This study compared factors at the time of arson by female and male offenders in Sweden between 2000–2010. The women (n = 100), and men (n = 100) included in this study were randomly chosen from among all individuals who had been convicted for arson during this period and who underwent forensic psychiatric investigations. Information regarding psychiatric and somatic characteristics, their psychosocial situation, and whether they were in contact with health or social services before the arsons were examined. The results showed that both women and men have complex psychiatric and somatic characteristics, as well as psychosocial situations. Women showed more self-destructive behaviour, lower Global Assessment of Functioning scores, and had been in contact with psychiatric health services to a greater extent than men. More women than men had children. These findings suggest that specific actions may be needed for preventing and treating women compared with men at risk for committing arson. 

  • 9.
    Assali, Zena
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vujkovic, Marija
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Ja, man kan skylla på dem för det händer så mycket runt dem ändå”: En studie om hur förskollärare bemöter barn som utför kränkande handlingar i förskoleklass2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how preschool teachers face children who they perceive as children with behavioral problems and how they act in the daily work to prevent and counter violations. The study aims to observe how preschool teachers deal with children who they experience as having behavioral problems in the form of aggression. The study also intends to compare two preschool classes in two municipalities where some residential areas are socio-economically vulnerable. For the collection of empirical data, the study was conducted as a qualitative study consisting of interviews with teachers and observations of children and teachers. The two selected schools were deliberately chosen based on geographical areas with known socio-economic vulnerability. The results predict that the preschool teachers encountered situations where difficulties arise, and which can be considered crucial for the children's biological, cognitive, and emotional development. The difficulties highlighted in this study are analyzed with theoretical concepts such as the punctual and relational perspective, the intercultural perspective and theories of socio-economic impact, conflict management, power and norms, aggression, and more. These theories count as significant developmental aspects in children's critical periods. The results show that the teachers in theory share a common view of the prosocial development work with children who are regarded by the preschool teachers as "children with behavioral problems". Despite this, we found significant contradictions that create a distance between what preschool teachers say they do and what they do in practice. The results of this study also show that preschool teachers use methods and strategies, in which children who are perceived as having behavioral problems get reprimanded, are threatened with punishment, and are made invisible. 

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  • 10.
    Bankefors, Clara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Att få rum i tiden: En kvalitativ studie om hur människor kan ​förhålla sig kognitivt, emotionellt och beteendemässigt till inre och yttre tempon2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tid är ett universellt tema som berör oss alla. Forskning visar att det finns en mängd olika perspektiv att förstå, betrakta och uppleva tid och tempo på. Perspektiv som lyfts i denna studie är objektiv och subjektiv tid, närvaro och mindfulness, autonomi och anpassning, den omgivande miljön, där perception, naturen och stadsmiljöer lyfts, samt tid som struktur och resurs. Nämnda perspektiv är av vikt då syftet har varit att f​å en djupare förståelse för hur människor kognitivt, emotionellt och beteendemässigt kan förhålla sig till inre och yttre tempon. Inre tempon avser en individs inneboende tempo som exempelvis hjärtslag, kroppsrörelser, tankar och känslor. Yttre tempon avser den subjektiva upplevelsen av tempon som ligger utanför den egna kroppen. Dessa kan exempelvis vara andra människors tempon och tempon i olika miljöer. ​En kvalitativ intervjustudie med åtta respondenter har genomförts, vilken sedan har analyserats utifrån tematisk analys, i sex olika steg. Urvalet gjordes med hänsyn till kön, bostadsort, sysselsättning och ålder eftersom dessa antogs färga upplevelserna av inre och yttre tempo. Analysen av intervjumaterialet resulterade i sju slutliga teman, vilka är närvaro, autonomi och anpassning, olika tidsrum, effektivitet, stress, kris och tid som en resurs. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten att upplevelser av sig själv, andra människor, platser och aktiviteter kan påverka upplevelsen av inre och yttre tempon. En tendens är att i miljöer som upplevs ha ett lugnare yttre tempo så möjliggörs närvaro med det egna inre tempot. Detta har även bidragit till möjligheten att möta andra människor med större närvaro. Att yttre tempon påverkar inre tempon har framträtt tydligare än motsatsen.

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    att få rum i tiden
  • 11.
    Baumer, Sonja
    et al.
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Ferholt, Beth
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Promoting narrative competence through adult-child joint pretense: Lessons from the Scandinavian educational practice of playworld2005In: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 576-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effects of the playworld educational practice on the development of narrative competence in 5- to 7-year-old children. The playworld educational practice is derived from play pedagogy and the theory of narrative learning, both developed and implemented in Scandinavia. The playworld practice consists of joint adult-child pretense based in a work of children's literature, discussion, free play, and visual art production. When compared to children under a control intervention (conventional school practices without pretend play), children who participated in the playworld practice show significant improvements in narrative length, coherence, and comprehension, although not in linguistic complexity. These findings provide further evidence concerning the role of pretense in the narrative development of young children.

  • 12.
    Bergbäck, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    När systemet är kallt kan bilder värma: En vitaliserande resa med storytelling i ledningssystem2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “When a system gets cold, then images can warm it up - a vitalising journey using storytelling as part of a management system”. This essay wants to show that the rational language used in management and governance needs to come alive. I have spent a long time in business, moving from a rational programming mind to becoming a reflective storyteller, and I now use the metaphorical language of storytelling to add life and vitality to organisations. The form of an essay is used to reflect on practical knowledge and one’s own proficiency. I used storytelling in a workshop to deepen the significance and meaning of a company’s vision. The method reveals, through the process, the management team’s practical knowledge. The method and my own practical knowledge are in a hermeneutic spirit compared to contemporary philosophers. The development of rational thinking and its counterforces are explored. The possibilities of leadership within an organisation’s structures is compared to management research. It leads to the conclusion that the metaphorical language is a language that opens spaces in-between, “the nothingness” and as such opens a tear to the vitality of leaders.

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  • 13.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Botha, Monique
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Hens, Kristien
    University of Antwerp, Belgium.
    O’Donoghue, Sarinah
    University of Aberdeen, UK.
    Pearson, Amy
    University of Sunderland, UK.
    Stenning, Anna
    University of Leeds, UK.
    Cutting our own keys: New possibilities of neurodivergent storying in research2023In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 1235-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A lot of people who do research are also neurodivergent (such as being autistic or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), but neurodivergent people do not always feel welcome in research spaces which are often shaped around neurotypical people. Some neurotypical researchers lack confidence in talking to neurodivergent people, and others feel like neurodivergent people might not be able to do good research about other people who are like them without being biased. We think it is important that all researchers are able to work well together, regardless of whether they are neurotypical, autistic, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (or any other neurotype) – in truly ‘neurodiverse’ teams. In this article we talk about how to create better spaces for all researchers, where we feel valued for who we are and take each others’ needs into account. We do this using some approaches from other areas of research and talking about how they relate to our personal experiences of being neurodivergent researchers with our own personal stories. This article adds to a growing work on how we can work with people who are different from us, in more respectful and kind ways.

  • 14.
    Bhatara, Anjali
    et al.
    CNRS, Paris, France / University of Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Laukka, Petri
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Boll-Avetisyan, Natalie
    University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Granjon, Lionel
    CNRS, Paris, France / University of Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Elfenbein, Hillary Anger
    Washington University, St Louis, USA.
    Banziger, Tanja
    Mid Sweden University.
    Second Language Ability and Emotional Prosody Perception2016In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 6, article id e0156855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the effect of language experience on vocal emotion perception in a second language. Native speakers of French with varying levels of self-reported English ability were asked to identify emotions from vocal expressions produced by American actors in a forced-choice task, and to rate their pleasantness, power, alertness and intensity on continuous scales. Stimuli included emotionally expressive English speech (emotional prosody) and non-linguistic vocalizations (affect bursts), and a baseline condition with Swiss-French pseudo-speech. Results revealed effects of English ability on the recognition of emotions in English speech but not in non-linguistic vocalizations. Specifically, higher English ability was associated with less accurate identification of positive emotions, but not with the interpretation of negative emotions. Moreover, higher English ability was associated with lower ratings of pleasantness and power, again only for emotional prosody. This suggests that second language skills may sometimes interfere with emotion recognition from speech prosody, particularly for positive emotions.

  • 15.
    Bhatara, Anjali
    et al.
    Université Paris Descartes, France.
    Laukka, PetriStockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.Levitin, Daniel J.McGill University, Canada.
    Expression of emotion in music and vocal communication2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two of the most important social skills in humans are the ability to determine the moods of those around us, and to use this to guide our behavior. To accomplish this, we make use of numerous cues. Among the most important are vocal cues from both speech and non-speech sounds. Music is also a reliable method for communicating emotion. It is often present in social situations and can serve to unify a group's mood for ceremonial purposes (funerals, weddings) or general social interactions. Scientists and philosophers have speculated on the origins of music and language, and the possible common bases of emotional expression through music, speech and other vocalizations. They have found increasing evidence of commonalities among them. However, the domains in which researchers investigate these topics do not always overlap or share a common language, so communication between disciplines has been limited. The aim of this Research Topic is to bring together research across multiple disciplines related to the production and perception of emotional cues in music, speech, and non-verbal vocalizations. This includes natural sounds produced by human and non-human primates as well as synthesized sounds. Research methodology includes survey, behavioral, and neuroimaging techniques investigating adults as well as developmental populations, including those with atypical development. Studies using laboratory tasks as well as studies in more naturalistic settings are included.

  • 16.
    Bhatara, Anjali
    et al.
    Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France / Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS, UMR 8242, Paris, France.
    Laukka, Petri
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen. .
    Levitin, Daniel J.
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
    Expression of emotion in music and vocal communication: Introduction to the research topic2014In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 5, article id 399Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In social interactions, we must gauge the emotional state of others in order to behave appropriately. We rely heavily on auditory cues, specifically speech prosody, to do this. Music is also a complex auditory signal with the capacity to communicate emotion rapidly and effectively and often occurs in social situations or ceremonies as an emotional unifier.

    In sum, the main contribution of this Research Topic, along with highlighting the variety of research being done already, is to show the places of contact between the domains of music and vocal expression that occur at the level of emotional communication. In addition, we hope it will encourage future dialog among researchers interested in emotion in fields as diverse as computer science, linguistics, musicology, neuroscience, psychology, speech and hearing sciences, and sociology, who can each contribute knowledge necessary for studying this complex topic.

  • 17.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Jönköping University.
    Education level explains participation in work and education later in life2017In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 511-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens’ organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65–75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

  • 18.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Ekström von Essen, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Livet som stör: om hästunderstödd terapi i psykiatrisk öppenvård2010In: Kentauren: om interaktion mellan häst och människa / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Ulla Ekström von Essen, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, p. 119-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Livet som stör: om hästunderstödd terapi i psykiatrisk öppenvård
  • 19.
    Brock, Maria
    University of London, London, England.
    Reading Formations of Subjectivity: From Discourse to Psyche2016In: Social & Personality Psychology Compass, ISSN 1751-9004, E-ISSN 1751-9004, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 125-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article represents a critical overview of strategies to examine subjectivity in discourse, highlighting a series of methodological approaches, which seek to manage the tension between discourse studies' focus on social and cultural structures, and psychoanalysis' interest in unconscious motivations. One aim is to trouble the supposed opposition between discourse analysis and the psychosocial approach and to regard the latter as a possible extension of insights established by the former. It is argued here that psychosocial readings in general, and Lacanian approaches more specifically, offer a cautious, nuanced way of introducing psychoanalytic ideas into the analysis of texts. The first part of this article offers examples of discourse analytic approaches, which have explicitly sought to incorporate psychoanalytic notions, followed by a discussion of Lacanian discourse analysis - a method shaped directly by this psychoanalytic school's concern with language. The article concludes with a series of methodological injunctions for conducting a psychosocial form of textual analysis.

  • 20.
    Brock, Maria
    University of London, London, UK.
    Review of Lacanian ethics and the assumption of subjectivity2012In: Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture & Society, ISSN 1088-0763, E-ISSN 1543-3390, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 102-104Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reviews the book, Lacanian Ethics and the Assumption of Subjectivity by Calum Neill (2011). This book aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the French psychoanalyst’s ideas on subjectivity and ethics to academics and students at the postgraduate level. It represents a useful starting point for an exploration of the central Lacanian notion of the split subject, along with some related ideas such as fantasy, desire and the drive. The author is consistently thorough in his interpretations, and in his clear style he follows every argument through to its conclusion. The author is consistently thorough in his interpretations, and in his clear style he follows every argument through to its conclusion. It could be said that, while this book is largely about impossibilities, it is by no means an impossible book. The author's erudition and rigor make it a brilliant evocation of both Lacanian and traditional ethical thought. Whether the book’s conclusion proves to be satisfactory to readers depends largely on their interest in, and commitment to, Lacanian theory.

  • 21.
    Brock, Maria
    London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Review of Psychoanalysis outside the clinic: Interventions in psychosocial studies2011In: Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture & Society, ISSN 1088-0763, E-ISSN 1543-3390, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 107-109Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reviews the book, Psychoanalysis outside the clinic: Interventions in pychosocial studies by Stephen Frosh (2011). Through a detailed exposition of existing scholarly endeavors, the book illustrates how these concepts can be applied to issues of a transindividual nature. At the same time, the book tries to rein in those enthusiasts who believe that psychoanalytic knowledge, with its emphasis on affect and the unconscious, holds the missing elements to a Grand Theory of the Social. One way of reading this book is therefore as a review of previous efforts to transcend the original analyst-analysand dyad. Each chapter looks at a different area and sub discipline that has experienced an influx of psychoanalytic ideas, including literary studies, social psychology and ethics. The author always remains critical of the dogmatic tendencies of psychoanalytic thinking, which at times appears to want to install its mode of viewing the social world as a new 'Master Discourse'. This development effects a domestication of its ideas, a 'blunting of the subversive edge of psychoanalysis'. This book is not likely to convert those sceptical of the discipline's tenets; and, though it might disappoint those searching for an impassioned argument for the explanatory potency of psychoanalysis, it nevertheless provides an indispensable guide to existing interdisciplinary efforts.

  • 22.
    Bäck, E. A.
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Bäck, H.
    Lund University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholm Univeristy.
    Sikström, S.
    Lund University.
    From I to we: Group formation and linguistic adaption in an online xenophobic forum2018In: The Journal of Social and Political Psychology, E-ISSN 2195-3325, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 76-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of identity formation processes nowadays takes place online, indicating that intergroup differentiation may be found in online communities. This paper focuses on identity formation processes in an open online xenophobic, anti-immigrant, discussion forum. Open discussion forums provide an excellent opportunity to investigate open interactions that may reveal how identity is formed and how individual users are influenced by other users. Using computational text analysis and Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC), our results show that new users change from an individual identification to a group identification over time as indicated by a decrease in the use of “I” and increase in the use of “we”. The analyses also show increased use of “they” indicating intergroup differentiation. Moreover, the linguistic style of new users became more similar to that of the overall forum over time. Further, the emotional content decreased over time. The results indicate that new users on a forum create a collective identity with the other users and adapt to them linguistically.

  • 23. Bäck, Emma A.
    Effects of Parental Relations and Upbringing in Troubled Adolescent Eating Behaviors2011In: Eating Disorders, ISSN 1064-0266, E-ISSN 1532-530X, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 403-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family relations may constitute a risk for developing eating problems. Not enough is known about parent-child relationship quality and upbringing in food situations. Self-report data from 80 high school students (45 males) showed that females had more eating problems than males, and their problems were related both to insecure mother attachment, controlling for body/weight dissatisfaction, and to more memories of childhood food rules. Secure mother attachment was related to decreased eating problems, via increasing body/weight satisfaction. Especially the mother- daughter relationship seems to affect adolescent girls' eating habits and can either protect against or enhance the risk for eating problems.

  • 24. Bäck, Emma A.
    Social and cognitive biases in large group decision settings2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis consists of three studies on the effects of group membership in large group decisions. The overall aim was to contribute to understanding how individuals react when decisions are made in large groups. We explored consequences of procedural justice concerns within such groups. In Study I we investigated how different decision procedures and issue importance affect perceptions of others who agree and disagree with the individual on a potentially important issue.  Individuals attributed more positive reasons for attitudes of those who agree as opposed to disagree with themselves, whereas disagreers were attributed more negative reasons. The asymmetry was moderated by decision form, and issue importance. The attitudes concerned attitudes towards potential new policies. In Study II we investigated differences in participants’ perceptions of others depending on own position towards the new policy. Challengers of the status quo advocating a change in the existing policy, were more biased when judging others than were defenders of the status quo. This suggests that challengers are less tolerant of defenders’ point of view. This effect was not affected by perceptions of minority status among the challengers. In Study III we looked at individual group members’ cognitive restructuring of a preferred decision alternative, and how it differs between decision conditions when the decision-maker is affiliated to own ingroup or not. Results showed that individuals restructure the attractiveness of their preferred alternative in group decisions similarly to what has been previously found in individual decision-making. The magnitude of restructuring was greatest when ingroup members decided for the group. However, this effect was moderated by identification with the ingroup, such that those who identified themselves with the ingroup restructured their preferred alternative more when ingroup members decided as opposed to when outgroup authorities decided.

  • 25. Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Esaisson, Peter
    Gilljam, Mikael
    Svenson, Ola
    Lindholm, Torun
    Post-decision consolidation in large group decision-making2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 320-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision-makers tend to change the psychological attractiveness of decision alternatives in favour of their own preferred alternative after the decision is made. In two experiments, the present research examined whether such decision consolidation occurs also among individual group members in a large group decision-making situation. High-school students were presented with a decision scenario on an important issue in their school. The final decision was made by in-group authority, out-group authority or by majority after a ballot voting. Results showed that individual members of large groups changed the attractiveness of their preferred alternative from a pre- to a post decision phase, that these consolidation effects increased when decisions were made by in-group members and when participants identified strongly with their school. Implications of the findings for understanding of group behavior and subgroup relations are discussed.

  • 26.
    Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindholm, Torun
    Stockholms universitet.
    Defending or Challenging the Status Quo: Position Effects on Biased Intergroup Perceptions2014In: The Journal of Social and Political Psychology, E-ISSN 2195-3325, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 77-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The default ideological position is status quo maintaining. Strategies justifying the status quo include undermining challenging arguments, and challengers are judged more negatively than defenders by observers. The current study examined perceptions of challengers and defenders of status quo taking into account perceivers’ own position. Experiment 1 showed that challengers undermined, by ascribing more externality and less rationality, the position of defenders to a larger extent than defenders did of challengers’ position. Experiment 2 tested if effects were driven by the implied minority status of the challenging position. Results revealed no effects of experimentally manipulated numerical status, but challengers were again more biased than defenders. Hence, thedriving force behind challengers’ negative attitudes towards opponents seems to lie in the challenging position per se rather than numerical status. Possibly, challenging what is generally considered to be good demands more from the individual in terms of gearing up for fight and protection against attacks.

  • 27.
    Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Stockholms universitet.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholms universitet.
    Hen. Bakgrund, attityder och användande2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2015 infördes det könsneutrala pronomenet hen i Svenska akademins ordlista efter en känslomässig allmän debatt om ordet, dess innebörd och möjliga konsekvenser. Hösten 2015 genomförde vi en större enkätundersökning som besvarades av 1308 personer registrerade i Enkätfabrikens deltagarpanel. Enkäten presenterades som en studie om attityder i aktuella frågor, till exempel attityder till jämställdhet och det svenska språket. Enkäten innehöll frågor om attityder till och användande av det könsneutrala pronomenet hen. Till exempel ställdes frågor om hur ofta och i vilka situationer hen används, och vad deltagaren tycker om ordet. I enkäten fanns också mer generella frågor om jämställdhet och språk.I den här rapporten beskrivs först hur språk och jämställdhet är relaterade till varandra och hur språk antas kunna påverka uppfattningar om kön. Vi beskriver också specifikt hur införandet av hen gick till. Efter det följer resultat från enkäten.Studien är en del av ett större projekt vars huvudsakliga syfte är att studera attityder till och kognitiva effekter av det könsneutrala pronomenet hen. Andra studier i projektet inkluderar experimentella laboratoriestudier med ögonrörelsemätningar, enkät-experiment samt en uppföljande enkät till denna, för att studera förändringar över tid. Projektet är ett samarbete mellan de psykologiska institutionerna vid Stockholms, Lunds och Göteborgs universitet och har sin hemvist vid Stockholms universitet.

  • 28.
    Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholms univeristet.
    Hen can do it!: Effects of using a gender-neutral pronoun in recruitment2015In: Könskonstruktioner och språkförändringar: Rapport från den åttonde nordiska konferensen om språk och kön / [ed] Magnusson, Jenny; Milles, Karin; Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2015, p. 71-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Hen can do it
  • 29.
    Bäck, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Esaiasson, Peter
    Gilljam, Mikael
    Lindholm, Torun
    Biased attributions regarding the origins of preferences in a group decision situation2010In: European Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, E-ISSN 1099-0992, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 270-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current research investigated biases in attributions of the origins of others’ preferences in a group decision situation. In two experiments, students indicated their preferred alternative in a decision on an important issue in their school, and then explained the bases for preferences of those agreeing and disagreeing with them. Results showed that participants saw preferences of those who agreed as more rationally and less externally based than of those who disagreed. This effect increased with perceived issue importance, when the decision was made by in-group representatives, when the decision outcome was concordant with their own preference (Study 1), and, on the externality dimension, when their representatives were in the majority when deciding on an important issue (Study 2). Findings have important implications for our understanding of the tolerance of others and acceptance of group decisions, and ultimately, how group members behave and interact.

  • 30.
    Calmfors, L.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Dimdins, G.
    University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholm University.
    Montgomery, H.
    Stockholm University.
    Stavlöt, U.
    Fores, Stockholm.
    Why do people dislike low-wage trade competition with posted workers in the service sector?2013In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 47, p. 82-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of low-wage competition in services trade involving posted workers is controversial in the EU. Using Swedish survey data, people's attitudes are found to be more negative to such trade than to goods trade. The differences depend on both a preference for favouring social groups to which individuals belong (the domestic population) and altruistic justice concerns for foreign workers. In small-group experiments, we find a tendency for people to adjust their evaluations of various aspects of trade to their general attitude. This tendency is stronger for those opposed to than those in favour of low-wage trade competition. This may indicate that the former group forms its attitudes in a less rational way than the latter group.

  • 31.
    Coblentz, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Eklund, Robert
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Media, makt och känslorna bakom2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier om sambandet mellan journalisters självkänsla och deras arbetsprestation är ett outforskat område. Tidigare forskning har fokuserat mer kring andra variabler som begreppet självförtroende istället för självkänsla, eller andra yrken än journalistyrket. Denna studie fokuserar på självkänslan hos journalister och dess inverkan på deras arbetsprestation i dagens medielandskap. Studiens datainsamling skedde genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Åtta verksamma journalister varav fem var kvinnor och tre var män mellan åldrarna 29-58 deltog i studien. Studiens empiri analyserades med hjälp av en tematisk analys i fem steg. Under analysen identifierades tre teman: 1) Självuppfattning, 2) Relationer och 3) Makt och utsatthet. Studiens resultat visar att självkänsla har en viktig roll för verksamma journalister och deras arbetsprestation. Journalister har en unik och viktig roll i ett samhälle som vill upprätthålla demokratiska värderingar som yttrandefrihet. Sambandet mellan journalisters självkänsla och arbetsprestation blir intressant att utforska då journalistik kan påverka människors bild av omvärlden. Självkänslan hos enskilda journalister kan vara en avgörande faktor för kvaliteten på journalistiken.

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  • 32.
    Cowley, Benjamin
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kosunen, Ilkka
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Lankoski, Petri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kivikangas, J Matias
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Järvelä, Simo
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ekman, Inger
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / University of Tampere, Finland.
    Kemppainen, Jaakko
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ravaja, Niklas
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Experience Assessment and Design in the Analysis of Gameplay2014In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826X, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 41-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report research on player modeling using psychophysiology and machine learning, conducted through interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers of computer science, psychology, and game design at Aalto University, Helsinki. First, we propose the Play Patterns And eXperience (PPAX) framework to connect three levels of game experience that previously had remained largely unconnected: game design patterns, the interplay of game context with player personality or tendencies, and state-of-the-art measures of experience (both subjective and non-subjective). Second, we describe our methodology for using machine learning to categorize game events to reveal corresponding patterns, culminating in an example experiment. We discuss the relation between automatically detected event clusters and game design patterns, and provide indications on how to incorporate personality profiles of players in the analysis. This novel interdisciplinary collaboration combines basic psychophysiology research with game design patterns and machine learning, and generates new knowledge about the interplay between game experience and design.

  • 33.
    Daviðsdóttir, Ása Rut
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Lendahl, Fanny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    #Like #Share #FollowBeroendet som gör att vi delar mer: Publiceringsvanor på sociala medier i förhållande till beroende av sociala medier, digital ålder, självkänsla och tendenser till depression2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur den psykiska hälsan kan påverkas av användning av sociala medier är omdiskuterat och väl studerat. Forskning kring vilka faktorer som kan predicera vilket typ av innehåll och hur frekvent individer publicerar på sociala medier är dock, till författarnas vetskap, sparsamt undersökt. Därmed ämnade denna studie undersöka om publiceringsvanor på sociala medier kunde prediceras av beroende av sociala medier, självkänsla, tendenser till depression och digital ålder vilket motsvarar den tid individer haft ett konto på Instagram och/eller Facebook. Studiens data samlades in via en enkätundersökning där 268 individer deltog varav 207 var kvinnor och 61 var män. Den genomsnittliga digitala åldern var 12.59 år för kvinnor respektive 12.62 år för män. Den beroende variabeln publiceringsvanor delades i två faktorer; intern källa - publicering av bilder kopplat till den egna individen, exempelvis “selfies” och extern källa - publicering av inlägg från en extern källa, exempelvis innehåll av politisk karaktär. Resultatet visade att den starkaste och enda statistiskt signifikanta prediktorn för intern källa var beroende av sociala medier. Detta innebär att ju högre grad av beroende av sociala medier, desto mer frekvent publicerar individen inlägg på sociala medier i form av t. ex bilder på sig själv och närstående. Slutsatsen för denna studie är att beroende av sociala medier har betydelse för vad individer publicerar för typ av innehåll på sociala medier. Vidare forskning krävs för att mer djupgående identifiera riskbeteenden och mönster genom publiceringsvanor, för att möjligen kunna förebygga beroende av sociala medier. 

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    #Like #Share #Follow - Beroendet som gör att vi delar mer
  • 34.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    A two-dimensional model for measurement of political orientation2014In: On conference website, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often measured on a single right-left (or conservative-liberal) continuum, individual political orientation can be conceptualized as consisting of at least two orthogonal dimensions. The first is acceptance vs. rejection of social change, and the second is acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the former dimension is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the latter dimension is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation vs. openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the self-protection vs. growth dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the personal vs. social focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed both one-dimensional and two-dimensional measures of political orientation, measures of social dominance orientation, right wing authoritarianism, system justification, need for cognitive closure, moral motives, values, dependence on others, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable not only theoretically, but also empirically. Our findings call for using two-dimensional measures of political orientation instead of one-dimensional measures (even in cultural contexts where both dimensions are highly correlated), because each dimension can be used to predict its own set of political beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.

  • 35.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Uppsala University.
    Psychological variables underlying political orientations in an old and a new democracy: A comparative study between Sweden and Latvia2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 437-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines in detail the psychological variables underlying ideological political orientation, and structure and contents of this orientation, in Sweden and Latvia. Individual political orientation is conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. Swedish (N = 320) and Latvian (N = 264) participants completed measures of political orientation, Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA), self vs. other orientation, tolerance for ambiguity, humanism and normativism, core political values, system justification, as well as moral foundations questionnaire and portrait values questionnaire. The results showed that the relation among the measured variables was similar in both samples. Swedish participants showed stronger endorsement of egalitarian attitudes and social values, whereas we found more self-enhancing and socially conservative values and attitudes among the Latvian participants.

  • 36.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Uppsala University.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the bases for system justification and dependence on others2014In: ISJR Conference Program, 2014, p. 133-Conference paper (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 37.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the psychological bases of political orientation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests a theoretical model where the social dimension of political orientation (acceptance vs. rejection of social change) is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the economic dimension (acceptance vs. rejection of inequality) is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. {Schwartz, 1992 #322}Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable, both theoretically and empirically. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 38.
    Downing-Wilson, Deborah
    et al.
    Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Cole, Michael
    Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Design experimentation and mutual appropriation: Two strategies for university/community collaborative after-school interventions2011In: Theory & psychology, ISSN 0959-3543, E-ISSN 1461-7447, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 656-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores a contrast between two strategies of intervention research. The first strategy, referred to as design experimentation, came to prominence through the writing of Ann Brown and Allan Collins. Design experiments were described as attempts to engineer innovative learning environments and simultaneously understand salient aspects of human cognition and learning. The core of the method is to place a version of a learning design into the world and iteratively revise the design in light of results from each implementation. The second strategy is referred to as mutual appropriation, a term used by Newman, Griffin, and Cole to describe teaching/learning processes in classrooms, but subsequently introduced into the intervention literature by Brown and Campione to describe an intervention process in which the nature of the intervention is not pre-specified, but negotiated among participants over time. We endeavor to show that a mutual appropriation approach can help the field create interventions which are themselves developmental in their fundamental methodology.

  • 39.
    Edwardsson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kontorslandskap och sensory-processing sensitivitet: Vilken betydelse har de för välbefinnande, hälsa och arbetsvillkor hos designstudenter?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kontorslandskap är en vanligt förekommande kontorsdesign och fördelar och nackdelar med att arbeta i sådan miljö är oklara. Syften med denna studie var att a) undersöka hur individer upplever att arbeta i kontorslandskap och vad det kan ha för konsekvenser för hälsa och arbetsvillkor, och b) undersöka deras grad av känslighet i förhållande till kontorslandskap, hälsa och arbetsvillkor. Studenter vid Beckmans designhögskola deltog i studien genom att fylla i en enkät. Resultaten visade att upplevelse av kontorslandskap var relaterat till anspänning av arbete och arbetstillfredsställelse men inte till sensory-processing sensitivitet vilket är delvis i linje med tidigare forskning. Att uppleva kontorslandskap som positivt kan kopplas till högre arbetstillfredsställelse och lägre anspänning av arbetet. Att ha en hög grad av sensitivitet kunde även kopplas till sämre mental hälsa och välbefinnande. Slutsatsen som drogs var att kontorslandskap tycks gynna individer i vissa typer av arbetsprocesser, men att det krävs vidare forskning för vad som ligger bakom upplevelsen av kontorslandskap.

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    Maria_Edwardsson
  • 40.
    Ehrlén, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Drawings as Representations of Children’s Conceptions2009In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawings are often used to obtain an idea of children’s conceptions. Doing so takes for granted an unambiguous relation between conceptions and their representations in drawings. This study was undertaken to gain knowledge of the relation between children’s conceptions and their representation of these conceptions in drawings. A theory of contextualization was the basis for finding out how children related their contextualization of conceptions in conceptual frameworks to their contextualization of drawings in pictorial convention. Eighteen children were interviewed in a semi-structured method while they were drawing the Earth. Audio-recorded interviews, drawings, and notes were analysed to find the cognitive and cultural intentions behind the drawings. Also, even children who demonstrated alternative conceptions of the Earth in the interviews still followed cultural conventions in their drawings. Thus, these alternative conceptions could not be deduced from the drawings. The results indicate that children’s drawings can be used to grasp children’s conceptions only by considering the meaning the children themselves give to their own drawings.

  • 41.
    Ehrlén, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Understanding of the Earth in the presence of a satellite photo: A threefold enterprise2009In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, ISSN 0256-2928, E-ISSN 1878-5174, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 281-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To acknowledge both conceptual and situational factors, childrens' understanding of the Earth was considered from three angles: 1, the perspective as the physical point or direction from which something is seen or depicted; 2. conceptual frameworks; 3. the relevance of explanations in a situation. Fourteen children were interviewed individually in front of a poster of a satellite photo of the Earth. The interviews were semi-structured and focused on what the children understood was depicted in the poster and if they had seen the Earth. The effect of choice of perspective was demonstrated by children who only talked about how the Earth could be seen from space. The need to relate different conceptual frameworks became apparent with children, who meant that the Earth was situated in the direction of the sky. Different understandings of the relevance of an explanation were detected when the interviewer talked from the perspective in the room, but children talked about the perspective in the present poster. The results indicate that not only both conceptual frameworks and understanding of perspectives play a part when students encounter questions related to the concept of Earth, but also the students' judgments of the relevance of different explanations in a situation.

  • 42.
    El Mourabit, Naoelle
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Kriminalitet bland unga män: En etnologisk studie om kriminalitet bland unga män i åldrarna 18–25 år2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kriminella handlingar är oavsett aktör ett samhällsproblem då det påverkar både oskyldiga människor och företag, ett problem som på senaste åren vuxit speciellt bland unga män. Därav inspirationen bakom studien. Syftet med denna studie är att studera dem bakomliggande faktorerna som ligger bakom unga mäns medverkan i kriminalitet. Det empiriska material som används i studien är fyra djupintervjuer med unga män i åldrarna 18–25 som levt ett kriminellt liv. Det teoretiska perspektivet som används i undersökningen är narrativ teori.

    Resultatet i studien indikerar att det inte går att fastställa enstaka anledningar som kan tillämpas på alla unga mäns medverkan i kriminalitet, dock så finns det ett gemensamt motiv såsom exempelvis psykiskt missnöje som lett till att dessa unga män sökt sig till att eftersträva någonting dem känns en brist av i sitt liv. Såsom trygghet, en respekt och en acceptans.

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  • 43.
    Eneroth, Mari
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Lovseth, Lise T.
    St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Schenck-Gustafsson, Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Fridner, Ann
    Stockholm Univeristy / Karolinska Institutet.
    A comparison of risk and protective factors related to suicide ideation among residents and specialists in academic medicine2014In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, article id 271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physicians have an elevated risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, which might be due to work-related factors. However, the hierarchical work positions as well as work-related health differ among resident and specialist physicians. As such, the correlates of suicide ideation may also vary between these two groups. Methods: In the present study, work- and health-related factors and their association with suicidal thoughts among residents (n=234) and specialists (n=813) working at a university hospital were examined using cross-sectional data. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that having supportive meetings was associated with a lower level of suicide ideation among specialists (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.50-0.94), while an empowering leadership was related to a lower level of suicide ideation among residents (OR=0.55, 95% CI: 0.32-0.94). Having been harassed at work was associated with suicidal ideation among specialists (OR=2.26, 95% CI: 1.31-3.91). In addition, sickness presenteeism and work disengagement were associated with suicide ideation in both groups of physicians. Conclusions: These findings suggest that different workplace interventions are needed to prevent suicide ideation in residents and specialists.

  • 44.
    Eneroth, Mari
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholm University.
    Schenck Gustafsson, Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Wall, Maja
    Stockholm Univeristy.
    Fridner, Ann
    Stockholm Univeristy / Karolinska Institutet.
    Threats or violence from patients was associated with turnover intention among foreign-born GPs - a comparison of four workplace factors associated with attitudes of wanting to quit one's job as a GP2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 208-213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: General practitioners (GPs) are crucial in medical healthcare, but there is currently a shortage of GPs in Sweden and elsewhere. Recruitment of GPs from abroad is essential, but foreign-born physicians face difficulties at work that may be related to turnover intention, i.e. wanting to quit one's job. The study aims to explore the reasons to why foreign-born GPs may intend to quit their job. Design: Survey data were used to compare four work-related factors that can be associated with turnover intentions; patient-related stress, threats or violence from patients, control of work pace, and empowering leadership, among native-born and foreign-born GPs. These work-related factors were subsequently examined in relation to turnover intention among the foreign-born GPs by means of linear hierarchical regression analyses. The questionnaire consisted of items from the QPS Nordic and items constructed by the authors. Setting: A primary care setting in a central area of Sweden. Subjects: Native-born (n = 208) and foreign-born GPs (n = 73). Results: Turnover intention was more common among foreign-born GPs (19.2% compared with 14.9%), as was the experience of threats or violence from patients (22% compared with 3% of the native-born GPs). Threats or violence was also associated with increased turnover intention. Control of work pace and an empowering leadership was associated with reduced turnover intention.

  • 45.
    Esho, Helda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Finns det ett samband mellan anställningsform, tjänstgöringsgrad, kön samt ålder och arbetsrelaterad stress?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Långvarig arbetsrelaterad stress kan vara påfrestande för individens psykiska och fysiska hälsa och kan resultera i flera olika hälsotillstånd som bland annat utmattningssyndrom. Kan anställningsform, tjänstgöringsgrad, kön och ålder påverka hur arbetsrelaterad stress upplevs? Tidigare forskning argumenterar för skillnader i hur stress upplevs. Det framkommer bland annat att visstidsanställda upplever mer stress än tillsvidareanställda. Studiens syfte var att undersöka huruvida det finns ett samband mellan ovannämnda faktorerna och arbetsrelaterad stress som mättes genom fyra olika stressdimensioner. Totalt svarade 160 individer varav 80 kvinnor och 80 män som arbetar inom vård och omsorg i en svensk kommun på en webbenkät. Resultatet visade att det fanns ett samband mellan anställningsform, tjänstgöringsgrad och inflytande över arbete. Det fanns ett samband mellan kön och graden av upplevd stress vid otydligt organisation och konflikt. Det fanns inget samband mellan någon av faktorerna och graden av upplevd stress vid höga egna krav och konflikt. Men det fanns ett samband mellan kön och upplevelsen av konflikt mellan arbete och fritid. Slutligen framkom det att kön var en ganska viktig faktor för hur stress upplevs, detta då det fanns ett signifikant samband mellan kön och två av stressdimensionerna.

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  • 46.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence / Linnaeus University.
    Sandin Wranker, Lena
    Lund University.
    Kabir, Zarina Nahar
    Karolinska Institute.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Jönköping University.
    Everyday Health among Older People: A Comparison between Two Countries with Variant Life Conditions2017In: Journal of Aging Research, ISSN 2090-2204, E-ISSN 2090-2212, p. -8, article id 2720942Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday health in Sweden were found for pain and tiredness, while in Bangladesh they were financial status, tiredness, and sleeping problems. As similarities were found regarding the associations of tiredness on everyday health, tiredness may be a universal predictor of everyday health in older adults irrespective of country context.

  • 47.
    Fahed, Nour
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Dilemmal Socialization on Social Media Platforms: A Qualitative Study on the Experience of Online Socialization and the Infrastructure of Social Media Platforms2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media effects may affect self-perception and the way media users live their offline lives. The purpose of this essay was to examine the phenomenon of social media saturation in order to understand the possible risks to the development of human identity during the adolescent period. Hence, these risks may be generated by being exposed to social comparison, cyberbullying, self-validation, and self-perception in a sensitive age when self-image is still fragile and being formed. The purpose of this essay is to examine the psychological tendencies of human beings while interacting with their peers on social media platforms. Hence, this will give us a clearer view of what would be achieved by conducting interviews. Moreover, a selection of theories will be applied to those interviews in order to associate those theories with what has been said by respondents. Hence, Meyrowitz’s theory will be used in relation to  understanding the identity adaptation to online connection and linked to Goffman’s discussions of “onstage” and “backstage” (Meyrowitz, 1985: 5). After this, the essay will investigate how users’ self-perception and social comparison are enacted while socializing on social media platforms. Furthermore, this essay sheds the light on how identity is constructed online in the sense of belonging to a community on a social media platform as well as of gratification coming from peer validation in a virtual community. To be able to explain this, the “Social Identity Theory” will, therefore, be discussed (Teo, Matti, et al, 2017: 23). This will be discussed by mentioning theories like “Mediatization” (Couldry & Hepp, 2013). And lastly, the sociological concept of Habitus, minted by Pierre Bourdieu will demonstrate the process of adaptation towards unspoken social codes existing in virtual communities (Markham, 2017: 55). 

    As found in the four qualitative semi-structured interviews with social media users, respondents are surrounding themselves with like-minded social groups which provide them with confidence about their own system of beliefs. Nevertheless, their perspectives are often marked by notable social pessimism and a lack of incentive to engage in conflictual interactions with others on social media. The results pointed out the perception among the interviewees that the impact of social media on identity formation is largely confined to adolescent users. Many users self-report significant daily screen time and are aware of the risks of social bubbles. Most of the respondents denied being subjected to cyberbullying, while they were surfing on social media, so the respondents’ physical lives were not affected by cyberbullying even for those who mentioned their exposure to cyberbullying. All the respondents expressed a sense of jealousy to some extent, even though some of them showed awareness of the thought that people post their lives from a perfect angle while hiding the flaws and not showing the imperfections of their lives on social media. Lastly, social comparison was an incentive feeling affected most of the respondents, and in their own experience, social media affected their character development and self-perception since they were exposed to social media at an adolescent age. 

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    The Dilemmal Socialization on Social Media Platforms
  • 48.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Much more to it: The relation between Facebook usage and self-esteem2014In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration / [ed] James Joshi, Elisa Bertino, Bhavani Thuraisingham, Ling Liu, Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC) , 2014, p. 87-92Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine closer the conflicting results from previous studies concerning the relation- ship between Facebook use and self-esteem using the Facebook Intensity Scale and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (N = 107). In line with some previous studies, our data confirmed that there is a relationship between Facebook usage and self-esteem, but the applied scales allowed a more refined assessment of it. The results showed, after controlling for demographic variables, that participants with low Facebook intensity reported on average higher self-esteem than those who did not use Facebook or those with high Facebook intensity, while those with medium Facebook intensity had significantly higher self-esteem compared to the participants with high Facebook intensity. Future studies should address the underlying causal relations using a time-bound observation method.

  • 49.
    Feingold, Daniel
    et al.
    Ariel University, Ariel, Israel / Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
    Hasson-Ohayon, Ilanit
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Laukka, Petri
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Vishne, Tali
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Dembinsky, Yael
    Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
    Kravets, Shlomo
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Emotion recognition deficits among persons with schizophrenia: Beyond stimulus complexity level and presentation modality.2016In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 240, p. 60-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that persons with schizophrenia have lower accuracy in emotion recognition compared to persons without schizophrenia. However, the impact of the complexity level of the stimuli or the modality of presentation has not been extensively addressed. Forty three persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and 43 healthy controls, matched for age and gender, were administered tests assessing emotion recognition from stimuli with low and high levels of complexity presented via visual, auditory and semantic channels. For both groups, recognition rates were higher for high-complexity stimuli compared to low-complexity stimuli. Additionally, both groups obtained higher recognition rates for visual and semantic stimuli than for auditory stimuli, but persons with schizophrenia obtained lower accuracy than persons in the control group for all presentation modalities. Persons diagnosed with schizophrenia did not present a level of complexity specific deficit or modality-specific deficit compared to healthy controls. Results suggest that emotion recognition deficits in schizophrenia are beyond level of complexity of stimuli and modality, and present a global difficulty in cognitive functioning.

  • 50. Fornäs, Johan
    Det inre förtrycket: Om kapitalismens neuroser och den borgerliga psykologin1977In: Tekla: Teori och klasskamp, ISSN 0348-7253, no 1, p. 40-73Article in journal (Other academic)
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