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The Swedish forestry model: More of everything?
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Umeå universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2739-0497
Umeå universitet.
Umeå universitet.
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2015 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

“The Swedish forestry model” refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Forest policy analysis; Forest governance; Frame analysis; Tradeoffs; Pathways to sustainability; Sweden
National Category
Agricultural Sciences Social Sciences Humanities
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30792DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2015.10.012OAI: diva2:956064
Future Forests
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research


The study is influenced by frame analysis and a STEPS Pathways approach.

The study builds on legal acts and bylaws, governmental bills and commissions.

The Swedish forest governance system has successively expanded and broadened out.

The current Swedish forestry model promotes “more of everything”.

The Swedish forestry model lacks mechanisms for implementation and tradeoffs.

Available from: 2016-02-01 Created: 2016-08-29 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Sténs, AnnaJohansson, Johanna
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