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Trends and inequalities in mortality of noncommunicable diseases. Case study for Estonia
Fourth View Consulting, Tallinn, Estonia.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). National Institute for Health Development in Tallinn, Estonia.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4453-4760
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This case study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of trends and inequalities in mortality of noncommunicable diseases in Estonia over the first decade of the 2000s. Decomposition of life expectancy by causes and age groups, and calculation of age-standardized rates for total and cause-specific mortality were used to assess differences over time and across social groups. The findings of the analysis showed significant overall reduction in mortality and increasing life expectancy in Estonia during the 2000s. The considerable improvement in mortality was observed in all groups distinguished by gender, ethnicity, educational level or by place of residence resulting in narrowing absolute inequalities, although the relative inequalities by educational level and by place of residence slightly increased. Despite progress, mortality rates remained higher among non-Estonians, the lower educated and residents of Ida-Viru county. Circulatory diseases and external causes of death contributed the most to the overall life expectancy at birth improvement and to the larger mortality decline among non-Estonians, the lower educated and in Ida-Viru county, with the opposite effect seen for infectious diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe , 2015. , 56 p.
Keyword [en]
Causes of death, Estonia, Inequalities, mortality, noncommunicable diseases, trends
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30767OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-30767DiVA: diva2:954883
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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