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Struggle over public space: grassroots movements in Moscow and Vilnius
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. National Research University, Moscow, Russia.
2015 (English)In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 35, no 7-8, 565-580 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore urban mobilisation patterns in two post-Soviet cities: Vilnius and Moscow. Both cities were subject to similar housing and urban policy during Soviet times, and they have implemented urban development using neoliberal market principles, provoking grassroots opposition from citizens to privatisation and marketisation of their housing environment and local public space. However, the differing conditions of democratic Lithuanian and authoritarian Russian public governance offer different opportunities and set different constraints for neighbourhood mobilisation. The purpose is to contrast local community mobilisations under the two regimes and highlight the differences between and similarities in the activists' repertoires of actions in two distinct political and economic urban settings. Design/methodology/approach - The paper employs qualitative methodology using data from semi-structured interviews conducted with community activists and state officials, presented using a comparative case study design. Findings - Although, citizens' mobilisations in the two cities are reactions to the neoliberalisation of housing and local public space, they take different forms. In Vilnius they are institutionalised and receive formal support from national and local authorities. Moreover, support from the EU encourages organisational development and provides material and cognitive resources for grassroots urban mobilisations. In contrast, residents' mobilisations in Moscow are informal and face fierce opposition from local authorities. However, even in an authoritarian setting, grassroots mobilisations evolve using creative strategies to circumvent institutional constraints. Originality/value - Little attention has been paid to grassroots urban mobilisations in post-Soviet cities. There is also a lack of comparative attempts to show variation in post-Soviet urban activism related to housing and local public space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 35, no 7-8, 565-580 p.
Keyword [en]
Grassroots, Housing policy, Mobilizations, Moscow, Public space, Vilnius paper type research paper
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28185DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2015-0002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84937706243Local ID: 753/42/2012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-28185DiVA: diva2:851094
Projects
Urban Social Movements in the Post-Soviet Context: Opportunity Structures and Local Activism in Moscow and Vilnius
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 753/42/2012
Available from: 2015-09-03 Created: 2015-09-03 Last updated: 2015-09-03Bibliographically approved

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