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UEFA Financial Fair Play: Regleringen av fotbolls-Europa
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Since 2011 UEFA, the managing organisation of European football, demands that all clubs wanting to participate in the two major European club football tournaments, UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League, has to abide by the rules for UEFA Financial Fair Play. This regulation was developed by UEFA to protect the long-term financial stability of European club football.

The thesis focuses on the largely debated break-even requirement, to determine whether UEFA Financial Fair Play will come to affect the competitive balance between clubs in Europe.

The main purpose of the study is to conclude whether UEFA Financial Fair Play has affected the market for football clubs and their opportunity to compete sporting success. Further, the study tries to determine if the critics of the regulation are right in saying that the rules preserve the existing power balance on the market.

An analysis of the annual reports from 24 European football clubs of the last nine years has been conducted. The 24 clubs were chosen, from four of the biggest football leagues in Europe, by a stratified sampling.

The theoretical framework of this study is based on three main theories. Associative competition, Rat-race-theory and regulation theory and these are used to analyse the results. Through hypothesis testing the study shows that, even though the regulation has had a positive effect on the clubs economical results, there are clear signs that the rules has made it harder for smaller clubs to challenge the big clubs for sporting success through economical investments.

These results also conclude that the regulation contributes to conserve the existing balance in the market.

Abstract [sv]

Sedan 2011 kräver UEFA, europeisk fotbolls styrande organ, att klubbar som vill delta i europeisk klubbfotbolls två största turneringar, UEFA Champions League och UEFA Europa League, följer regelverket UEFA Financial Fair Play. Detta är ett regelverk framtaget med syfte att förbättra den ekonomiska situationen inom europeisk klubbfotboll.

Studien har utgått från det omdebatterade noll-resultat-kravet (Break-even requirement), för att se om UEFA Financial Fair Play kan komma att påverka den konkurrensmässiga situationen inom europeisk klubbfotboll.

Syftet är att undersöka om UEFA:s införande av Financial Fair Play har påverkat marknaden för fotbollsklubbar och deras möjlighet att konkurrera om sportsliga framgångar. Vidare undersöks om detta indikerar att den kritik som riktats mot regelverket, att det cementerar befintliga maktstrukturer mellan klubbar, är rättfärdigad.

Studien har genomförts genom analys av de nio senaste årens ekonomiska rapporter från 24 klubbar i fotbolls-Europa. Ett stratifierat urval har använts för att välja ut sex representanter var från fyra av Europas största ligor.

Den teoretiska referensramen har utgått från associativ konkurrens, hyperaktivitet (rat-raceteorin) samt reglering för att kunna besvara studiens frågeställning och analysera empirin.

Med hjälp av hypotesprövning visar undersökningen att, även om regelverket har haft en positiv påverkan på klubbarnas redovisade ekonomiska resultat, så finns det tydliga tendenser till att reglerna har försvårat möjligheterna för mindre klubbar att utmana storklubbar om sportslig framgång genom ekonomiska satsningar och att maktstrukturer på marknaden på så sätt cementeras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
Associative competition, Football, Financial Fair play, Correlation, Rat-race-theory, Regulation theory, UEFA
Keyword [sv]
Associativ konkurrens, Fotboll, Financial Fair Play, Korrelation, Rat-race-teorin, Regleringsteori, UEFA
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-28060DiVA: diva2:845412
Subject / course
Business Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2015-08-17Bibliographically approved

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