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Den som ger sig in i leken får leken tåla!: En studie om barns maktlekar
Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
In for a penny, in for a pound! : A study about children's exercise of power (English)
Abstract [en]

Our essay is about children's exercise of power, oppression or domination in games or when playing on school grounds with one and other. We thought it would be interesting to look into how children in preschool and up to the fifth grade use power acts respective power plays in leisure-time. During four days we visited two different after-school center and carried out observations of children during the school day and later inside the recreation centers during leisure activities. In order to analyze our empirical material in relation to power, we have used Magnus Hörnqvist (2012) interpretation of Michel Foucault's theory of power - Another Foucault. We have also used Åsa Bartholdsson (2008) thesis about The regular exercise of power regime – about normality and power in school. The result is that from what we could tell from the children's interaction with each other is that self-relational activities is the exercise of power which leads to recreate standards organized around influence. Which is a power that is both of means of control and of resistance that is particularly useful for understanding children's participation. It constructs the individuals’ strengths where the differences is converted to privileges and positions in a hierarchical order in the schoolyard.

Abstract [sv]

Barns maktutövningar över varandra har det inte talats om särskilt mycket i skolan. Däremot har det talats om maktlekar i media, vilket vi tyckte var intressant. Vi har tittat närmare på hur barn i förskolan upp till årskurs 5 använder sig utav makthandlingar respektive maktlekar i fritidshem och på rasterna. Under fyra dagar besökte vi två olika skolors fritidshem och genomförde observationer av eleverna under samtliga raster under skoldagen samt senare inne på fritidshemmen under fritidsverksamheten. För att kunna analysera vårt empiriska underlag i relation till makt så har vi använt Magnus Hörnqvist (2012) tolkning av Michel Foucaults maktteori - En annan Foucault. Vi har även använt oss av Åsa Bartholdsson (2008) avhandling om Den vänliga maktutövningens regim – om normalitet och makt i skolan.

Det vi kunde utläsa av elevernas samspel med varandra var att det i allra högsta grad utspelas olika maktförhandlingar i samtliga av skolbarnens lekar. Makten på skolgården är integrerad som relationell aktivitet. Den pågår i rörliga relationer med handlingar som är organiserade kring inflytande, vilket innefattar att maktutövningen leder till att återskapa normer. Resultatet blir att handlingarna konstruerar styrkeförhållanden där skillnaderna i individernas beteende omvandlas till privilegier och positioner i en hierarkisk ordning på skolgården. I det stora hela kan man säga att olika skolbarn har olika roller.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 43 p.
Keyword [sv]
Makthandlingar, socialisation, maktlekar, konflikter, vänlig maktutövning, styrkeförhållanden, barn, beteendenormer.
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-27485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-27485DiVA: diva2:812435
Subject / course
Education Studies
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2015-11-23Bibliographically approved

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