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An empirical test of a two-dimensional model of political orientation: Disentangling the liberal-conservative continuum
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2056-0526
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4129-1743
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7811-1390
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Individual political orientation can be conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the social and economic aspects of political orientation are both theoretically and empirically separable, and can be at least partially explained with the importance of basic values. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26777Local ID: 705/42/2012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-26777DiVA: diva2:799422
Conference
The 17th European Association of Social Psychology (EASP), July 9-12th, 2014, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Projects
Psychological mechanisms underlying political orientations in an old and a new democracy
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A056-12
Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-03-30 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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More languages
Output format
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