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Testing a new theoretical model of political orientation: Findings beyond the simple liberal-conservative division
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2056-0526
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4129-1743
Stockholms universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7811-1390
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Individual political orientation is primarily comprised of two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent both dimensions (corresponding to acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively). Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of these psychological variables. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in pronounced system justification tendencies, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represent low system justification. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

To explain individual political orientation, we propose and successfully test a theoretical model where two primary dimensions of acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy are combined resulting in the secondary dimensions of high vs. low system justification, and high vs. low dependence on others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26774Local ID: 705/42/2012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-26774DiVA: diva2:799417
Conference
The 15th Annual Meeting of The Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), February 13-15th, 2014, Austin, Texas, USA.
Projects
Psychological mechanisms underlying political orientations in an old and a new democracy
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A056-12
Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-03-30 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved

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