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Local consequences of applying international norms: differences in the application of forest certification in northern Sweden, northern Finland, and northwest Russia
Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
Centre for Independent Social Research, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
2009 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 1-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Forest certification, developed in the early 1990s, is a process in which independent assessors grant use of the certification label to producers who meet certain environmental and social criteria set for their forest products. This label was quickly seen to offer a market advantage and to signal corporate social and environmental responsibility. This paper focuses on international norms pertaining to environmental and indigenous rights, as manifested in cases of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)- and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)-compatible certification, and how these norms have been applied domestically and perceived locally in different states. Case studies are drawn from northern Sweden, northern Finland, and three regions in northwest Russia. The studies illustrate that the choice and implementation of certification type depend considerably on national infrastructure and market characteristics and result in substantial differences in the impact that international norms have at the local level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Open Access Publishing , 2009. Vol. 14, no 2, p. 1-
Keywords [en]
adaptive capacity, Finland, forest certification, Russia, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-25723ISI: 000276141800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-73849131807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-25723DiVA, id: diva2:776312
Available from: 2010-01-28 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Scopushttp://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art1/

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Johansson, Johanna

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf