Participation and post-normal science in practice?: Reality check for hazardous chemicals management in the European marine environment
2014 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 63, 15-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study analyses whether science-policy interactions linked to the management of hazardous chemicals in the European marine environment have developed in accordance with general theories on public involvement in policymaking in general and post-normal science (PNS) in particular. Special attention is given to a comparison between key EU policy frameworks, namely the "polluter-oriented" registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH) and the "environment-oriented" Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), based on in-depth analysis of key policy-related documents and interviews with scientists and policy actors. The results outline that in spite of a substantial amount of rhetoric in EU sources about recommending wide and ambitious public involvement, current participation and deliberation practices are rather undeveloped in the studied EU policy frameworks. Furthermore, it can be concluded that the introduction of more radical approaches to knowledge co-production and participation (like PNS) would require epistemological, institutional and constitutional changes that are not feasible in the foreseeable future, at least not in respect to chemicals management. This study generates empirical data with regard to the management of chemicals in the European marine environment, specifically data on participation, the role of science, and uncertainty treatment at the science-policy interface. These data provide empirical information that can be used by environmental managers involved in the development of EU marine policy. At the same time, the results can be used theoretically to reflect on and problematise the current state of wider public participation in EU environmental policies and PNS development in particular cases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 63, 15-25 p.
Marine environment, MSFD, PNS, REACH, Risk governance, Science-policy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24619DOI: 10.1016/j.futures.2014.07.002ISI: 000343783200002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84906490872Local ID: 1748/42/2008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-24619DiVA: diva2:748513
ProjectsEnvironmental Risk Governance of the Baltic Sea (RISKGOV)
FunderThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1748/42/2008EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 217246FormasSwedish Environmental Protection Agency