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Comunisti per Caso: Regime e Consenso in Romania durante e dopo la Guerra Fredda
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
2014 (Italian)Book (Refereed)Alternative title
Accidental Communists : Regime and Consent in Romania during and after the Cold War (English)
Abstract [it]

Alla fine della seconda guerra mondiale, Stalin riuscì a forgiare i regimi comunisti dell’Europa orientale ad immagine e somiglianza dell’Unione Sovietica. Dopo dieci anni di duro stalinismo sovietico, con i cambiamenti introdotti dal XX Congresso del PCUS, le dirigenze di questi partiti comunisti rischiavano di essere rovesciate dalle altre fazioni interne. In Romania, dal 1956, il segretario generale Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej convertì il regime in un sistema guidato da romeni, mantenendo la sua struttura stalinista. La ricetta romena per prevenire il cambiamento prevedeva il recupero degli intellettuali e dell’élite nazionale precedentemente ostracizzata. Pur definendosi comunista, il regime usò sempre più il nazionalismo per la creazione del consenso interno in funzione anti-sovietica. nicolae Ceauşescu, giunto al potere nel 1965, continuò e portò all’esasperazione questa strategia, ampliando a dismisura la macchina della propaganda, che inondava incessantemente la vita quotidiana dei romeni. In particolare, fu il discorso sulla storia nazionale ad essere strumentalizzato, falsificato, piegato a mere esigenze politiche, e declinato in ogni tipo di prodotto culturale, tanto nei testi universitari quanto nella letteratura e nelle arti. Questo libro racconta la storia di come la cultura romena fu asservita al mantenimento di un regime politico per oltre quarant’anni e delle conseguenze di questa regimentazione forzata dopo l’abbattimento del muro di Berlino.

Abstract [en]

At the end of the Second World War, Stalin forged the communist regimes in Eastern Europe as satellites of Soviet Union. After ten hard years of Soviet Stalinism, with the changings introduced by the 20th Congress of the CPSU, the leaderships of satellites' communist parties risked to be overthrown by their internal rivals. In Romania, in 1956, Party Secretary Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej converted Romania into a Stalinist system guided by Romanians: the Romanian receipe in order to prevent the change included the recovery of the national elite and intellectuals previously ostracized. While presenting itself as communist, the regime increasingly used nationalism for the creation of domestic consensus in anti-Soviet function. Nicolae Ceausescu, came to power in 1965, continued this strategy and led it to its climax, expanding dramatically the propaganda machine, that flooded into the everyday life of the Romanians. In particular, it was the discourse on national history that was manipulated and falsified for mere political needs, and declined in each type of cultural product, both in the academic literature as well as in popular literature and the arts. This book narrates how Romanian culture was subservient to the maintenance of a political system for over forty years and the consequences of this forced regimentation after the demolition of the Berlin Wall.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Milan, Italy: Mimesis Edizioni , 2014, 1st. , 302 p.
Keyword [en]
Romania, nationalism, communism, national-communism, 1989, Ceausescu, Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian culture, culture, history, historiography, history of Romania, historiography of Romania, Eastern Europe, post-communism, antisemitism, EU-accession, Europa, Dacianism, Balcans
Keyword [it]
Romania, nazionalismo, comunismo, nazional-comunismo, cultura romena, storia della Romania, storiografia, post-comunismo, Unione Europea, antisemitismo, 1898
Keyword [sv]
Rumänien, nationalism, kommunism, nationell-kommunism, 1989, Ceausescu, Gheorghiu-Dej, rumänsk kultur, kultur, historia, historieskrivning, historia Rumänien, historieskrivning av Rumänien, Östeuropa, post-kommunism, anti semitism, EU-anslutningen, Europa, Daciansen, Balkan
Keyword [no]
Romania, nasjonalisme, kommunisme, nasjonal-kommunisme, 1989, Ceausescu, Gheorghiu-Dej, rumensk kultur, kultur, historie, historiografi, historie Romania, historiografi av Romania, Øst-Europa, post-kommunisme, anti semittisme, EU-tiltredelse, Europa, dakerne, Balkan
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-24279ISBN: 978-88-5752-202-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-24279DiVA: diva2:733489
Available from: 2014-07-09 Created: 2014-07-09 Last updated: 2014-07-10Bibliographically approved

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