Trends in cancer of the cervix uteri in Sweden following cytological screening
1999 (English)In: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 81, no 1, 159-166 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Trends in cervical cancer incidence following the introduction of screening have mostly been studied using cross-sectional data and not analysed separately for squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinomas. Using Swedish nationwide data on incidence and mortality, we analysed trends during more than 3 decades and fitted Poisson-based age-period-cohort models, and also investigated whether screening has reduced the incidence of adenocarcinomas of the cervix. The incidence of reported cancer in situ increased rapidly during 1958-1967. Incidence rates of squamous cell cancer, fairly stable before 1968, decreased thereafter by 4-6% yearly in women aged 40-64, with a much smaller magnitude in younger and older women. An age-cohort model indicated a stable 70-75% reduction in incidence for women born 1940 and later compared with those born around 1923. The incidence of adenocarcinomas doubled during the 35-year study period. The mortality rate increased by 3.6% before 1968 and decreased by 4.0% yearly thereafter. Although a combination of organized and opportunistic screening can reduce the incidence of squamous cell cancer substantially, the incidence of adenocarcinomas appears uninfluenced by screening.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 81, no 1, 159-166 p.
Adenocarcinoma, Age-period-cohort models, Cervical cancer, Cytological screening, Squamous cell cancer, article, cancer screening, carcinoma in situ, cytology, female, human, major clinical study, priority journal, squamous cell carcinoma, statistical model, Sweden, uterine cervix cancer, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Cohort Studies, Humans, Incidence, Mass Screening, Middle Aged, Poisson Distribution, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-22924DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6690666ISI: 000082263200026PubMedID: 10487628ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0032879374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-22924DiVA: diva2:710628