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Quantifying Escherichia coli Glutaredoxin-3 Substrate Specificity Using Ligand-induced Stability
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences. Karolinska Institute.
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences. Karolinska Insitute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3049-967X
2008 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 283, no 47, 32839-32847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, quantification of protein-ligand affinity is performed using kinetic or equilibrium measurements. However, if the binding reaction proceeds via a stable covalent complex, these approaches are often limited. By exploiting the fact that the conformational stabilization of a protein is altered upon ligand binding due to specific interactions, and using an array of selectively chosen ligand analogs, one can quantify the contribution individual interactions have on specificity. We have used ligand-induced stability as a basis to dissect the interaction between glutaredoxin-3 (Grx3) and one of its native substrates, the tripeptide glutathione. Taking advantage of the fact that Grx3 can be trapped in a covalent mixed disulfide to glutathione or to selected synthetic glutathione analogs as part of the natural catalytic cycle, individual contributions to binding of specific molecular groups can be quantified by changes in ligand-induced stability. These changes in conformational stability are interpreted in terms of interaction energies (i.e. specificity) of the particular groups present on the ligand analog. Our results illustrate that although Grx3 recognizes glutathione predominantly through independent and additive ionic interactions at the N- and C-terminal of glutathione, van der Waals interactions from the unique gamma-glutamate moiety of glutathione also play an important role. This study places us closer to understanding the complex task of accommodating multiple substrate specificities in proteins of the thioredoxin superfamily and underscores the general applicability of ligand-induced stability to probe substrate specificity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 283, no 47, 32839-32847 p.
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-22529DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M804019200ISI: 000260893700073PubMedID: 18757366Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-57749093461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-22529DiVA: diva2:699954
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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