Russian and Swedish Journalists: Professional roles, ideals and daily reality
2012 (English)In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 6, no 5-6, 732-743 p.Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
To strive for autonomy is key to professional journalistic culture, although the degree of autonomy varies between countries and media systems. A survey distributed to 100 journalists in Sweden and Russia explores their views on journalistic autonomy: the professional duties of journalists, the degree of autonomy they enjoy in their day-to-day work, as well as journalists’ opinions about the development of press freedom. The findings reveal that journalists in both countries share many professional values but also feel pressures on their professional autonomy in Sweden mostly a commercial pressure and in Russia predominantly a political pressure but also the commercial interests of owners and advertisers. There are also some clear differences. Independence in daily work is less for Russian journalists and the obstacles ahead of publishing more common and they have a negative view on the development of press freedom.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 6, no 5-6, 732-743 p.
autonomy; commercialization; media development; political pressure; press
Research subject Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-19519DOI: 10.1080/17512786.2012.667277OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-19519DiVA: diva2:641746