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Klasskamrater revisited: Om klass i ett diskursteoretiskt perspektiv
Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Ethnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6541-6945
2012 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 3-4, 15-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

My thesis "Classmates" was published 1987 and was a late contribution to a theory/political debate that was about to lose its place in the academy. When the Wall fell in 1989 and the neoliberal transformation of Eastern Europe gained momentum had the terms "class" and "class struggle" become obsolete in a world that celebrated the victory of the market economy. However, as many researchers have pointed out, class is still a reality. Class should therefore regain its place in the critical analysis. New social critical -isms; were formulated in the wake of neoliberalism's global march forward, including a post-Marxism. Prominent in the genre's are the discourse theorists Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe. In this article it is asserted that the concept of class in the contemporary social context must be used in line with Laclau and Mouffe theoretical/political achievements. It discusses the possibility to use the concept of class within a discourse theoretical framework. As a tool I use empirical data from "Classmates". How are perspectives and analysis affected if Marxism is replaced with post-Marxism? Among other things, it is noted that in the theoretical discourse perspective there exists no experience with direct access to reality. Knowledge about the world is always mediated by discourses. What makes an experience to a class experience is the Marxist discourse. It positions workers as "classmates". For the post-Marxist there is no "working class" as an objective component in the capitalist system. The antagonism between labor and capital is thus not enrolled in the system of production. Discourses determine what meaning "sellers of labor" should be given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. no 3-4, 15-24 p.
Keyword [en]
Class and class struggle, discourse theory, post-Marxism, Marxism, neo-liberalism.
National Category
Research subject
Historical Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17682Local ID: 696/42/2007:28OAI: diva2:578424
Global kapitalism och vardagliga motståndsformer i gränssnittet mellan Öst och Väst.
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved

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