Impact of 4-chlorophenol contamination and/or inoculation with the 4-chlorophenol-degrading strain, Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6L, on soil bacterial community structure
2002 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, ISSN 0168-6496, E-ISSN 1574-6941, Vol. 42, no 3, 387-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The 4-chlorophenol-degrading strain, Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6L (chromosomally tagged with the firefly luciferase gene, luc) was inoculated into 4-chlorophenol-contaminated soil to assess the impact of bioaugmentation with a biodegrading strain on the indigenous microbiota. Simultaneously, the impact of 4-chlorophenol alone, or inoculation with A. chlorophenolicus into non-contaminated soil, was addressed. Using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) several significant changes were detected in community fingerprint patterns obtained from soil microcosms treated under the different conditions. The relative abundances of some populations, as judged by the relative intensity of terminal restriction fragments, were significantly impacted by either 4-chlorophenol, A. chlorophenolicus inoculation, or by a combination of both inoculation and 4-chlorophenol contamination. Some populations were significantly stimulated and others were significantly repressed when compared to control soil with no additions. For several peaks, the positive or negative impact imposed by the treatments increased over the 13-day incubation period. Some members of the bacterial community were specifically sensitive to A. chlorophenolicus inoculation or to 4-chlorophenol contamination, whereas other populations remained relatively unaffected by any of the treatments. The A. chlorophenolicus inoculum was also monitored by T-RFLP and was found to have a significantly higher relative abundance in soil contaminated with 4-chlorophenol. These results were substantiated by a high correlation to luciferase activity measurements and the number of colony forming units of the inoculum. Therefore, the A. chlorophenolicus A6L population was positively stimulated by the presence of the 4-chlorophenol substrate (180 microg g(-1) soil) that it catabolized during the first 8 days of the incubation period as a carbon and energy source. Together, these results demonstrate that specific populations in the soil bacterial community rapidly fluctuated in response to specific disturbances and the resulting shifts in the community may therefore represent an adjustment in community structure favoring those populations best capable of responding to novel stress scenarios.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 42, no 3, 387-97 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17639DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2002.tb01028.xISI: 000179545100007PubMedID: 19709298ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0036890005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-17639DiVA: diva2:577060