Live from Moscow: The celebration of Yuri Gagarin and Transnational Television in Europe
2012 (English)In: VIEW. Journal of European Television History and Culture, ISSN 2213-0969, Vol. 1, no 2, 45-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
On April 14th, 1961, television viewers across Europe watched live images of Yuri Gagarin being celebrated on the Red Square in Moscow. The broadcast was made possible by the linking of the Intervision and Eurovision television networks, which was the result of cooperation between broadcasters on both sides of the Iron Curtain. By looking into how the co-operation between the OIRT and EBU was gradually developed between 1957 and 1961 this article engages with the interplay between cultural, legal and technological aspects of broadcasting and how the transnational broadcast of Gagarin’s return to Moscow was made possible. The article furthermore argues the need to understand early television in Europe as a dialectic between the national and the transnational and shows how the live transmission network binding the East and West together was the result of an interplay between structures provided by transnational organisations such as the OIRT and EBU, and initiatives by national broadcasting organisations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1, no 2, 45-55 p.
programme exchange, EBU, OIRT, transnational broadcasting, television history
Media and Communications
Research subject Critical and Cultural Theory
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17416Local ID: 1444/42/2011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-17416DiVA: diva2:573378
ProjectsThrough the Iron Curtain: Early Transnational Broadcasting and Television Discourses