Organ Transplantation and Personal Identity: How Does Loss and Change of Organs Affect the Self?
2012 (English)In: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, ISSN 0360-5310, Vol. 37, no 2, 139-158 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, changes in identity and selfhood experienced through organ transplantation are analyzed from a phenomenological point of view. The chief examples are heart and face transplants. Similarities and differences between the examples are fleshed out by way of identifying three layers of selfhood in which the procedures have effects: embodied selfhood, self-reflection, and social-narrative identity. Organ transplantation is tied to processes of alienation in the three layers of selfhood, first and foremost a bodily alienation experienced through illness or injury and in going through and recovering from the operation. However, in cases in which the organ in question is taken to harbor the identity of another person, because of its symbolic qualities (the heart) or its expressive qualities (the face), the alienation process may also involve the otherness of another person making itself, at least imaginatively, known.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 37, no 2, 139-158 p.
phenomenology, transplantation ethics, alienation, heart, face
Research subject Critical and Cultural Theory
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-16991DOI: 10.1093/jmp/jhs011ISI: 000304011300004PubMedID: 22474141ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84862077778Local ID: 1169/42/2007:3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-16991DiVA: diva2:548065
ProjectsKroppen som gåva, resurs och vara: organtransplantationer i östersjöområdet
FunderThe Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies