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Genomic organization and identification of a novel alternative splicing variant of mouse mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase (TrxR2) gene
Karolinska Institute.
Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap. Karolinska Institute.
2002 (English)In: Molecules and Cells, ISSN 1016-8478, E-ISSN 0219-1032, Vol. 13, no 3, 488-492 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eukaryotic mitochondria are equipped with a complete thioredoxin system, composed of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase, which has been implicated in the protection against the reactive oxygen intermediates generated during the respiratory process in this organelle. Like its cytosolic counterpart, mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase is a homodimeric selenoprotein. We report here the genomic organization of the mouse mitochondrial thioredoxin gene (TrxR2) that spans 53 kb and consists of 18 exons ranging from 20 to 210 bp. All splicing sites conformed to the GT/AG rule with the exon-intron boundaries located exactly at the same position as the human TrxR2 gene, the only mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase gene whose genomic structure has been elucidated to date. In addition, we have identified a novel mRNA splicing variant lacking intron 14 resulting in a protein subunit with a shorter interface domain This new splicing variant provides a frame work for further analysis of this important enzyme as its predicted homodimeric conformation can now be expanded to a putative heterodimeric structure as well as a small subunit homodimer with the obvious implications at the regulatory level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 13, no 3, 488-492 p.
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Cell Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15798ISI: 000176557400019PubMedID: 12132591ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0348170735OAI: diva2:508470
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2014-04-30Bibliographically approved

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