Conformational changes in the structure of domains II and V of 28S rRNA in ribosomes treated with the translational inhibitors ricin or alpha-sarcin
2002 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Gene Structure and Expression, ISSN 0167-4781, E-ISSN 1879-2634, Vol. 1577, no 1, 53-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ricin and alpha-sarcin modify neighbouring sites in the so-called sarcin/ricin (S/R) loop of 28S rRNA, thereby destroying the necessary dynamic flexibility of the ribosome, and inhibiting the elongation factor assisted steps of the elongation cycle. The effects of the two translational inhibitors on the conformation of domains 11 and V of 28 S rRNA were investigated by chemical modification of programmed mouse ribosomes pretreated with ricin or alpha-sarcin. The results showed that the two ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP) influenced the structure of the ribosomal RNA. Inhibitor-affected sites were located at or near sites previously proposed to be involved in functional domains. The modification patterns obtained after ricin or alpha-sarcin treatment of ribosomes were partially overlapping. However, there were several inhibitor-specific structural changes in 28S rRNA. Such changes were found at positions located at the GTPase activating centre of the ribosome and in the S/R domain, indicating that the structure in these regions of the ribosomes differed after treatment with the two inhibitors. These changes are consistent with ricin and alpha-sarcin having specific effects on eEF-2 and eEF-1 interaction with the ribosome, respectively.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 1577, no 1, 53-62 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Biophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15790DOI: 10.1016/S0167-4781(02)00406-2ISI: 000177485800007PubMedID: 12151095ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0037136241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-15790DiVA: diva2:508450