Phosphorus-limited growth dynamics in two Baltic Sea cyanobacteria, Nodularia sp and Aphanizomenon sp.
2006 (English)In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology, ISSN 0168-6496, E-ISSN 1574-6941, Vol. 58, no 3, 323-332 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rates of carbon (C) specific growth and nitrogen (N(2)) fixation were monitored in cultures of Baltic Sea Nodularia and Aphanizomenon exposed to gradual limitation by inorganic phosphorus (P). Both cyanobacteria responded by decreased cellular P content followed by lowered rates of growth and N(2) fixation. C-specific growth and cellular N content changed faster in Aphanizomenon both when inorganic P was lowered as well as during reintroduction of P. Aphanizomenon also showed a more rapid increase in N-specific N(2) fixation associated with increased C-specific growth. When ambient concentrations of inorganic P declined, both cyanobacteria displayed higher rates of alkaline phosphatase (APase) activity. Lower substrate half-saturation constants (K(M)) and higher V(max) : K(M) ratio of the APase enzyme associated with Nodularia suggest a higher affinity for dissolved organic P (DOP) substrate than Aphanizomenon. Aphanizomenon, which appears more sensitive to changes in ambient dissolved inorganic P, may be adapted to environments with elevated concentrations of P or repeated intrusions of nutrient-rich water. Nodularia on the other hand, with its higher tolerance to increased P starvation may have an ecological advantage in stratified surface waters of the Baltic Sea during periods of low P availability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 58, no 3, 323-332 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-14265DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00180.xISI: 000242016000002PubMedID: 17117977ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33751012097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-14265DiVA: diva2:468817