Analysis of the secondary structure of expansion segment 39 in ribosomes from fungi, plants and mammals
2006 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Biology, ISSN 0022-2836, E-ISSN 1089-8638, Vol. 357, no 3, 904-916 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The structure of expansion segment 39, E539, in eukaryotic 23 S-like ribosomal RNA was analysed using a combination of chemical and enzymic reagents. Ribosomes were isolated from yeast, wheat, mouse, rat and rabbit, five organisms representing three different eukaryotic kingdoms. The isolated ribosomes were treated with structure-sensitive chemical and enzymic reagents and the modification patterns analysed by primer extension and gel electrophoresis on an ABI 377 automated DNA sequencer. The expansion segment was relatively accessible to modification by both enzymic and chemical probes, suggesting that ES39 was exposed on the surface of the ribosomes. The collected modification data were used in secondary structure modelling of the expansion segment. Despite considerable variation in both sequence and length between organisms from different kingdoms, the structure analysis of the expansion segment gave rise to structural fingerprints that allowed identification of homologous structures in ES39 from fungi, plants and mammals. The homologous structures formed an initial helix and an invariant hairpin connected to the initial helix via a long single-stranded loop. The remaining part of the ES39 sequences accounted for most of the length variation seen between the analysed species. This part could form additional, albeit less similar, hairpins. A comparison of ES39 sequences from other fungi, plants and mammals showed that identical structures could be formed in these organisms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 357, no 3, 904-916 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-14303DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.01.043ISI: 000236629300019PubMedID: 16473366ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33644955476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-14303DiVA: diva2:468136