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The social and economic determinants of smoking in Moscow, Russia
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
Mid Sweden University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2899-3839
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, no 6, 632-639 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Despite a high prevalence of smoking for decades, recent research has documented an increase in the rates of both male and female smoking in post-Soviet Russia. As yet, however, little research has taken place on smoking at the subnational level. The current study addresses this deficit by examining smoking in Moscow - the city that has been at the forefront of the entry into the Russian market of transnational tobacco corporations (TTCs) in the transition period. Methods: Data were obtained from the Moscow Health Survey 2004 - a stratified random sample of 1190 people representative of Moscow's larger population. Information was obtained about subjects' smoking habits and age of smoking initiation. Results: The prevalence of smoking was high among both men (55.5%) and women (26.9%), with significantly higher rates in the younger age groups. There was also a high prevalence of smoking initiation before age 15 years, especially in the youngest women ( 18 - 30 years). Logistic regression analysis showed that respondents' age, binge drinking, locus of control and economic situation were important determinants of smoking. Conclusions: Although lifestyle factors seem to underpin the generally high levels of smoking, other things, such as its high prevalence in the younger generations and the factors associated with smoking ( locus of control), nevertheless suggest that the TTCs may have played an important role in the spread of smoking in transitional Russia's changing social environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 37, no 6, 632-639 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-13889DOI: 10.1177/1403494809105434ISI: 000268798000012PubMedID: 19451199ScopusID: 2-s2.0-68649127917OAI: diva2:465597
Available from: 2011-12-14 Created: 2011-12-14 Last updated: 2015-07-17Bibliographically approved

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