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The rise of gated neighborhoods in Poland: legal and regulatory framework
Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4304-5060
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article examines the support for the formation of gated communities in the legal and regulatory framework in Poland established since the fall of Communism in 1989. The focus is on how government policy with regard to spatial planning and housing, together with the law on property and ownership, affects the emergence and development of gated forms of housing in the country. The article argues that the outcome of liberal politics and legal regulation in the country is the result of a disregard for spatial planning and imprecise urban policies. Existing spatial plans are of a consultative nature and bear no regulatory capacity at the same time that spatial planning in the country is strongly in favor of landowners and new construction. In light of the present urban disarray, gated housing is an indirect result of neglected urban politics combined with loopholes in the regulations and pro-construction policies, which create a favorable environment for housing developers.

Keyword [en]
gated communities, urban planning, legislation, privatization, post-Communist cities, Poland
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-12075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-12075DiVA: diva2:447182
Available from: 2011-04-04 Created: 2011-10-11 Last updated: 2015-10-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The emergence of enclaves of wealth and poverty: A sociological study of residential differentiation in post-communist Poland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The emergence of enclaves of wealth and poverty: A sociological study of residential differentiation in post-communist Poland
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Since the fall of communism, some crucial political, economic and social changes have been taking place in the former communist societies. The objective of the thesis is to examine the processes of residential differentiation taking place in the urban landscape of the Polish city of Gdańsk after the introduction of the capitalist system. The focus is on different forms of residential differentiation and the social, economic and historical factors behind these forms. The empirical material that forms the basis of the thesis consists of interviews, newspaper articles, a questionnaire, official (national and local) reports and documents. Study I examines the way in which different social, economic, historical and physical conditions coincide in the formation of space and the processes of decline in the period of transformation in Poland. The focus lies on a specific residential area in the center of Gdańsk and the lack of improvements in this particular area, which would stop its successive decline. Study II explains the emergence of gated communities in the post-communist urban context and discusses the reasons for their increasing numbers and popularity. The main argument is that the popularity of gated communities is tightly intertwined with the communist past, emerging in reaction to the housing conditions that prevailed under communism. Study III investigates how social class markers are constructed in the discourse on gated communities in post-socialist Poland. The “new” capitalistic system, with its inherent social divisions, is described in the discourse as creating demands for “new” forms of housing, where gates function as separators, protectors and class identifiers. Study IV concentrates on the support for the formation of gated communities in the legal and regulatory framework in Poland since 1989. The paper asserts that the outcome of liberal politics and legal regulation in the country is the neglect of spatial planning and imprecise urban policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2011. 195 p.
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 56
Series
, Stockholm Studies in Sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; 50
Keyword
residential differentiation, gated communities, Poland, post-communist cities
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11876 (URN)978-91-86071-68-4 (ISBN)978-91-86069-29-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-05-20, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-10-11 Created: 2011-10-03 Last updated: 2015-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Polanska Vergara, Dominika
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