Banks and Swedish financial crises in the 1920s and 1930s
2011 (English)In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 53, no 2, 230-248 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Financial crises occur at regular and unpredictable moments in capitalist economies. However, an absence of shared theoretical approaches to and even definitions of the subject still plague the analysis of financial crises. This situation makes historical analysis even more important. This article compares two Swedish financial crises, one in the 1920s and the other in the 1930s. The comparison shows that despite their temporal and spatial proximity, the crises seemed to have had quite different underlying causes, links to international circumstances, severity, and government responses. The 1920s crisis in Sweden was for instance much deeper than the crisis in the 1930s, a marked contrast to the experience of most countries during these two periods. In focusing on the driving forces behind the crises, their development and governmental policies, the article also provides an opportunity to reflect on both financial crisis theories, on the current crisis and on recent historical research concerning crises.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 53, no 2, 230-248 p.
financial crises, Sweden, banks, lender of last resort
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11884DOI: 10.1080/00076791.2011.555108ISI: 000289566400004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79956138058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-11884DiVA: diva2:445443