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Urban residential preferences and satisfaction in the former Soviet Union: Results from a survey in Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
2005 (English)In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, Vol. 26, no 4, 296-327 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes and analyses the geography and structure of the neighborhood residential preferences and residential satisfaction of the inhabitants of the medium-sized, post-Soviet city of Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan (population ca. 300,000). It is based on a questionnaire survey (N = 1516 + 320) conducted by the author in cooperation with the statistical authority of the Eastern Kazakhstan oblast'. At the aggregate level, the evidence that is presented suggests distinct preference patterns, and that the main focus of preference is on the city center. The geography of residential satisfaction is different. Differences in satisfaction have been found between residents of housing built by former high-priority enterprises and those occupying most of the remainder of the housing stock. These differences underscore the pervasive and continuing importance of the legacy of Soviet economic and territorial planning, and the still rather limited changes that the marketization of the economy has been able to produce.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 26, no 4, 296-327 p.
Keyword [en]
Residential preferences, residential satisfaction, Kazakhstan, housing, post-Soviet city
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9728ISI: 000234229900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-9728DiVA: diva2:428860
Available from: 2011-07-01 Created: 2011-07-01 Last updated: 2011-08-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studies in the Transformation of Post-Soviet Cities: Case Studies from Kazakhstan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studies in the Transformation of Post-Soviet Cities: Case Studies from Kazakhstan
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Since the demise of central planning, post-Soviet cities have found themselves operating in a radically different economic climate. Contrary to the situation during the Soviet époque, market relations and the urban economy's adjustment thereto constitute the reality which urbanites face in their daily lives. For the vast majority, this reality has been harsh. Even so, market agency in post-Soviet cities is circumscribed by a physical infrastructure composed to foster its rejection, leading to an inevitable tension between Soviet legacy and the reality of the market economy. An overarching task of this dissertation is to contribute to a greater understanding of the new urban form which is emerging out of this tension. For this purpose, eight papers, using case studies from urban Kazakhstan, are brought together in order to shed light on recent urban developments in the former Soviet Union.Two broad themes are subject to particular attention: urbanisation and regional migration processes, and urban socio-spatial differentiation. Urbanisation is studied through the comparative analysis of census data from 1989 and 1999, from which a "closed city effect" pattern emerges. Sovietand post-Soviet era urban-bounf migrant characteristics are compared using survey data (N=3,136) collected by the author, demonstrating the existence of a significant ethnic transition within the migrant flow. Socio-spatial differentiation patterns are mapped and analysed for three Kazakh military-industrial case study cities (Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk), revealing significant spatial disparities which are principally explainable in light of the workings of the Soviet economy, and its built-in priority system. Market forces tend to accentuate them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, 2004. 256 p.
Series
, Geografiska regionstudier, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 59
Keyword
Social and economic geography, Kazakhstan, former Soviet Union, urbanisation, survey method, post-Soviet cities, residential preferences, socio-spatial differentiation
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9837 (URN)91-506-1755-9 (ISBN)
Note
Två delarbeten har bytt titel vid publicering.Available from: 2011-08-17 Created: 2011-07-18 Last updated: 2011-08-23Bibliographically approved

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