Studies on Protein Processing for Membrane-Bound Spinach Leaf Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase Integrated into the Cytochrome bc1, Complex and the Soluble Rat Liver Matrix Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase
1996 (English)In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 242, no 1, 114-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The plant mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) that catalyses the cleavage of the presequences from precursor proteins during or after protein import is a membrane-bound enzyme that constitutes an integral part of the bc1 complex of the respiratory chain. In contrast, MPP from mammals is soluble in the matrix space and does not form part of the respiratory chain. In the present study, we have compared the substrate specificity of the isolated spinach leaf bc1/MPP with rat liver MPP using synthetic signal peptides and different mitochondrial precursor proteins. Inhibition studies of processing with synthetic peptides showed a similar inhibition pattern for plant and rat MPP activity. A peptide derived from the presequence of rat liver mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) was a potent inhibitor of the spinach and rat MPP. Two nonprocessed signal peptides, rhodanese and linker-deleted ALDH (a form of ALDH that lacks the RGP linker connecting two helices in the presequence) had lower inhibitory effects towards each protease. The signal peptide from thiolase, another nonprocessed protein, had little inhibitory effect on MPP. Peptides derived from presequence of the plant Nicotiana plumbaginifolia F1β also showed a similar inhibitory pattern with rat MPP as with spinach MPP processing. In-vitro synthesised precursors of plant N. plumbaginifolia F1β and rat liver ALDH were cleaved to mature form by both spinach and rat MPP. However, the efficiency of processing was higher with the homologous precursor. Linker-deleted ALDH, rhodanese, and thiolase were not processed by the mammalian or plant MPP. However, both forms of MPP cleaved a mutated form of rhodanese that possesses a typical MPP cleavage motif, RXY S. Addition of the same cleavage motif to thiolase did not result in processing by either MPP. These results show that similar higher-order structural elements upstream from the cleavage site are important for processing by both the membrane-bound plant and the soluble mammalian MPP.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 242, no 1, 114-121 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8734DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.0114r.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-8734DiVA: diva2:427593