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Managing complex environmental risks for sustainable development: policies for hazardous chemicals and genetically modified organisms
Karlstads universitet.
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University , 2005. , 130 p.
Series
, Karlstad University studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2005:34
Keyword [sv]
Hållbar utveckling
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8326ISBN: 91-85335-77-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-8326DiVA: diva2:414488
Available from: 2011-05-03 Created: 2011-05-03 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms
2003 (English)In: Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, ISSN 1187-7863, E-ISSN 1573-322X, Vol. 16, no 1, 51-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member States the possibility to take into consideration ethical aspects of GMOs in the decision-making. This article investigates the potential effects of such formulation by means of an empirical analysis of experiences gained the last years from similar Swedish regulations for GMOs, aiming at promoting sustainable development. The faulty implementation shown in the Swedish case indicates that legal stipulations for ethics as such have limited importance. It is suggested that public participation is an important factor for successful implementation of the ethics of sustainable development.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8084 (URN)10.1023/A:1021735201970 (DOI)000180441900003 ()
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved
2. Biosafety principles for GMOs in the context of sustainable development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biosafety principles for GMOs in the context of sustainable development
2003 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, Vol. 10, no 1, 15-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

If genetically modified organisms are to contribute to welfare they must be considered in the context of sustainable development. Biosafety implies considering the environmental, economic and social dimensions of sustainable development. These dimensions can be interpreted through the principles of precaution, polluter pays and public participation. In this article, these key biosafety principles are operationalised and ways of implementing them in society are discussed. A comparison is made between the principles and the present EU law for deliberate release of GMOs. It is concluded that several improvements in EU policy are necessary to ensure sustainable development really is promoted.

National Category
Biological Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8083 (URN)10.1080/13504500309469782 (DOI)000182168000002 ()
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved
3. The precautionary principle, Swedish chemicals policy and sustainable development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The precautionary principle, Swedish chemicals policy and sustainable development
2006 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 9, no 4, 337-360 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The "precautionary principle" is one of the most contested principles in the debate on the new EU chemicals legislation. The purpose of this paper is to operationalise the principle and to investigate the consequences of its application. Five core elements of precautionary management of chemicals are derived and traced in Swedish policy and legislation through history. It is shown that precautionary measures were required as early as the eighteenth century. The conclusion is drawn that these measures in Sweden seem to have promoted sustainable development from both an environmental and a socio-economic point of view.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8082 (URN)10.1080/13669870600717269 (DOI)000239389500004 ()
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved
4. Science and norms in policies for sustainable development: Assessing and managing risks of chemical substances and genetically modified organisms in the European Union
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and norms in policies for sustainable development: Assessing and managing risks of chemical substances and genetically modified organisms in the European Union
2006 (English)In: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, E-ISSN 1096-0295, Vol. 44, no 1, 49-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Use of chemical substances and genetically modified organisms cause complex problems characterised by scientific uncertainty and controversies. Aiming at sustainable development, policies for assessment, and management of risks in the two areas are under development in the European Union. The article points out that both science and norms play a central role in risk assessment as well as risk management and Suggests that the precautionary principle, the principle of public participation, and the polluter pays principle, all adopted in the European Union, offer a way to operationalise the concept of sustainable development. It is shown, however, that a number of steps ought to be taken to better implement the principles through different policy measures. In doing so, and by recognising the role of both science and norms, the decision-making on risks related to the use of chemicals or genetically modified organisms can be improved to better promote Sustainable development.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8091 (URN)10.1016/j.yrtph.2005.04.010 (DOI)000235495100007 ()
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved
5. Theories on Risk, and the Management of Genetically Modified Organisms: a Stakeholders Analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theories on Risk, and the Management of Genetically Modified Organisms: a Stakeholders Analysis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-8333 (URN)
Available from: 2011-05-03 Created: 2011-05-03 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved

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