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Metagenomics: microbial community genomes revealed
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5802-5126
University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
2008 (English)In: Psychrophiles: from biodiversity to biotechnology / [ed] Rosa Margesin, Franz Schinner, Jean-Claude Marx, Charles Gerday, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, p. 313-330Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The rapidly expanding field of metagenomics has revolutionized the ability to analyzemicrobial communities by providing access to ‘true’ microbial diversity. This field has a broad range of applications in the areas of biodiversity, systems biology and biotechnology (Handelsman et al. 2002). As most microbial communities in soil, sediment or aquatic environments are highly complex, consisting of hundreds oreven thousands of species of which only a few have been cultured, the approaches collectively described as metagenomics, community genomics or environmental genomics have been developed to help to unlock this thus far hidden diversity. Metagenomics is therefore the application of modern genomic tools used to analyze the collective genomes of whole microbial communities (the metagenome) in an environmental sample, thereby bypassing the need for isolation or cultivation (Béjà et al. 2000; Riesenfeld et al. 2004b). Even though the tip of the microbial ice-berg has barely been scratched, this approach is rapidly increasing our knowledge of microbial genetic and functional diversity through gene/pathway discovery either by sequencing or activity-based screening strategies (Handelsman 2005).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008. p. 313-330
Keywords [en]
Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Microbial ecology, Microbial genetics, Microbiology, Life Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Astrophysics, Biochemistry, general Biotechnology, Microbial Ecology, Microbial Genetics, Genomics
Keywords [sv]
metagenomik, mikrobiologi, extremofiler
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6269DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-74335-4_18Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-71349083036ISBN: 978-3-540-74334-7 (print)ISBN: 978-3-540-74335-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-6269DiVA, id: diva2:398723
Available from: 2011-02-18 Created: 2011-02-18 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved

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Sjöling, Sara

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CiteExportLink to record
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