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The changing social relations of a community-based mangrove forest project in Zanzibar
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science. Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Geography.
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2010 (English)In: Ocean and Coastal Management, ISSN 0964-5691, Vol. 53, no 4, 150-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coastal areas in East Africa are experiencing rapid economic, resource management, demographic and technological shifts. In response diverse Community-based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) applications have been embraced to provide mutual conservation and use benefits. These initiatives have met with mixed success in practice. Reflecting on the limitations of past research using common pool resources theory theory to study CBNRM we use insights from actor oriented theory combined with satellite image analysis to describe and discuss the forces dynamically influencing institutional and mangrove forest cover change at Kisakasaka, Zanzibar focussing on the formal CBNRM project period between 1996 and 2001, but also considering the period before and after this. We examine the shifting social relations that affected the performance and viability of the formal CBNRM arrangements. An integrated approach was taken to the presentation and discussion of results where it was possible to enrich and expand explanations of socio-environmental change, which was driven by a lack of government support, the undermining effects of party political divisions, and the lack of institutional adaptive capacity. We conclude that this was a useful approach to explain CBNRM intervention events at Kisakasaka.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United Kingdom: Pergamon , 2010. Vol. 53, no 4, 150-160 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6178DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.01.006ISI: 000278578900002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77952105267OAI: diva2:397114
Available from: 2011-02-11 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Community-based management of natural resource (CBNRM) projects have commonly failed to deliver conservation and development benefits. This thesis examined how the theoretical assumptions of common pool resource (CPR) theory have contributed to the indifferent performance of CBNRM projects. Evidence was gathered from two CBNRM case studies in Zanzibar to show that CPR institutional design does not sufficiently acknowledge the politics or social relations of project sites. Moreover, these limitations reduce CPR theory's explanatory power and the functionality of CBNRM projects. This is because CPR theory's influence on CBNRM projects is to frame people with fixed identities and related interests as 'rational resource users', rather than people enrolled in multiple network relations with differentiated means of influence, interests and responsibilities. Actor-oriented theory is used to show that CBNRM would benefit from a shift in the correlation with institutional design factors to understanding the operation of power and conflict at project sites. These findings suggest that currently CBNRM projects are too mired in concern about regulating the 'direct' relationship between resource users and conservation objectives, with problematic implications. It is shown that actor-oriented theory is more sensitive to the different capacities, interests and strategies of actors in CBNRM institutional transformation processes. While actor-oriented theory does not offer a parsimonious or predictive theory to reform CPR theory or CBNRM policy, it can provide insights into pre-project conditions and emergent practice useful for explaining project interventions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2011. 74 p.
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 58
Actor-oriented theory, CBNRM, Community conservation, Conservation conflict, CPR theory, Environmental science, ICDP, Institutional theory, Mangroves, Participatory governance, Power, Zanzibar
National Category
Environmental Sciences Human Geography
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11566 (URN)978-91-86069-31-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-11-04, MA636, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Södertörns högskola, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-10-14 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2014-10-15

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