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An examination of governance arrangements at Kisakasaka mangrove reserve in Zanzibar
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.
Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5802-5126
2008 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 41, no 5, 663-675 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study employs insights largely derived from critical reflections on the common pool resources (CPR) theory to examine the current governance arrangements in place to manage the mangrove forest at Kisakasaka, in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Kisakasaka was used as a site for a community-based management pilot project of forest resources in Zanzibar. After some initial success in setting up a local management structure and regulating access to the mangrove for mainly charcoal production, there are now clear indications that forest conditions have deteriorated dramatically with concomitant ongoing resource use problems for local villagers who have relied heavily on forest resources as a source of cash income. Extra-local factors, such as urban population increases and associated market pressures for charcoal, are also conjectured to overlay and interact with the institutional problems at Kisakasaka. As a result, over concern about the deterioration in the condition of the mangrove forest, the responsible government authority decided not to renew the community-based governance arrangements after an initial five-year pilot period. While revealing the inadequacies of existing governance arrangements and of its relationship to deteriorating forest conditions at Kisakasaka, this study concludes by suggesting an approach to more fully understand forces driving local resource management and use. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 41, no 5, 663-675 p.
Keyword [en]
community-based natural resource management, CBNRM, mangroves, common pool, forests, resources, Zanzibar
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6182DOI: 10.1007/s00267-007-9050-xISI: 000255113200004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-42449159799OAI: diva2:397097
Available from: 2011-02-11 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Community-based management of natural resource (CBNRM) projects have commonly failed to deliver conservation and development benefits. This thesis examined how the theoretical assumptions of common pool resource (CPR) theory have contributed to the indifferent performance of CBNRM projects. Evidence was gathered from two CBNRM case studies in Zanzibar to show that CPR institutional design does not sufficiently acknowledge the politics or social relations of project sites. Moreover, these limitations reduce CPR theory's explanatory power and the functionality of CBNRM projects. This is because CPR theory's influence on CBNRM projects is to frame people with fixed identities and related interests as 'rational resource users', rather than people enrolled in multiple network relations with differentiated means of influence, interests and responsibilities. Actor-oriented theory is used to show that CBNRM would benefit from a shift in the correlation with institutional design factors to understanding the operation of power and conflict at project sites. These findings suggest that currently CBNRM projects are too mired in concern about regulating the 'direct' relationship between resource users and conservation objectives, with problematic implications. It is shown that actor-oriented theory is more sensitive to the different capacities, interests and strategies of actors in CBNRM institutional transformation processes. While actor-oriented theory does not offer a parsimonious or predictive theory to reform CPR theory or CBNRM policy, it can provide insights into pre-project conditions and emergent practice useful for explaining project interventions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2011. 74 p.
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 58
Actor-oriented theory, CBNRM, Community conservation, Conservation conflict, CPR theory, Environmental science, ICDP, Institutional theory, Mangroves, Participatory governance, Power, Zanzibar
National Category
Environmental Sciences Human Geography
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11566 (URN)978-91-86069-31-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-11-04, MA636, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Södertörns högskola, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-10-14 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2014-10-15

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