The challenge of combining timber production and biodiversity conservation for long-term ecosystem functioning: A case study of Swedish boreal forestry
2006 (English)In: Forest Ecology and Management, ISSN 0378-1127, Vol. 237, no 1-3, 208-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this case study of Swedish boreal forestry, we analyze the implementation in practical management of a sustainable forest management that includes the continued capacity of ecosystems to also provide non-timber services. In the Swedish national forest policy, the equal goals of timber production and biodiversity conservation have increased the responsibility of landowners and managers to modify practical management. We compiled written information from three larger FSC-certified forestry companies combined with semi-structured interviews with forest management personnel at regional offices to map what data and information the companies collect and use. We examined to what extent obtainable information from the forest companies captures composition, structure, and function of boreal ecosystems at patch, stand and landscape scale. This was done using 47 indicators compiled from literature and grouped into five categories based on nationally identified deficiencies in the managed boreal forest compared to unmanaged forest. We found that the recording of data describing different aspects of the forest ecosystem were separated in two largely uncoordinated systems, Ecological Landscape Plans and stand registers. While there is a need for conservation-oriented data across scales, collected statistics was largely production-oriented and related to the stand scale. We also identified information gaps regarding different ecosystem structures and their spatial distribution such as dead wood and habitat networks. The knowledge base available to future management decisions also seems to lack information on connectivity in the landscape, habitat at smaller spatial scales and the effectiveness of reserved areas. To reach the ecological goals of sustainable forest management, there is a need to further coordinate existing data and information but also to fill gaps in particular regarding cross-scale information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 237, no 1-3, 208-217 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6111DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.046ISI: 000243230900022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-37149053766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-6111DiVA: diva2:396230