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Kiru Valley Complexity: A case study over consequences of and causes to conflicts over irrigation water in Tanzania
Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
2008 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Inequalities among different power groups are getting obvious in Kiru Valley, Tanzania mainly due to water scarcity. This paper aims to examine, by a case study, the increasing competition over irrigation water among Kiru Valley farmers in relation to socio-economic stratification. It is possible to divide the examined parts of Kiru Valley farmers into three dif-ferent power groups corresponding to their access to irrigation water. First, large-scale sugar cane farmers owned by Tanzanians with Indian origin located on strategic positions near the main rivers. Second, upstream small-scale rice cultivators receiving water from the IFAD (International Found for Agricultural Development) irrigation system and, third, downstream small-scale farmers cultivating rice in the Mapea wetland. To achieve the objectives in this study, Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) techniques have been used and especially wealth rank-ings to measure the socio-economic stratification.

The wealth rankings demonstrate differences among Kiru Valley farmers. Those farmers connected to the IFAD irrigation system and the large-scale farmers have in higher amount a steady access to irrigation water than farmers cultivating the Mapea wetland. Consequently Mapea farmers are forced to rely on left over water from upstream IFAD farmers and sur-rounding large-scale farmers, leading to unfair distribution patterns and tensions among Kiru Valley farmers.  Finally, it has further been found that access to irrigation water is reflected in household economy. Mapea farmers have less capital goods and households properties com-pared to both IFAD-irrigators and large-scale farmers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 47 p.
Keyword
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), irrigation system, water scarcity, Babati District, wealth rankings, Africa
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-1850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-1850DiVA: diva2:37485
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-10-07 Created: 2008-10-06 Last updated: 2008-10-07

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf