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Same, same, or different? A comparative study of guided tours about evolution: Are fossils interpreted the same way in South Africa as they are in Sweden?
Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Sweden and South Africa are two quite different countries, but they share the will to educate their people. The museum is an institution of learning and an opportunity to learn something more and something else than in the classroom. Thus the museums have an important educational task to fulfil. Various visitors may understand an exhibition at a museum differently since they have different references, culture, ethnicity and socioeconomic background.

Evolution may be a delicate subject to exhibit due to the visitors various religious beliefs. This may be a difficult challenge for museums of natural history. The aim of this study is to compare how the guides at museums of natural history in the two countries are presenting evolution, the genesis of life and humankind during the guided tours.

The method is participating observation, and the theoretical framework is based on theories about ethnicity and multicultural and intercultural education. Since all three museums depend on the same science and fossils, the conclusion is that they are less different than expected.

 

Abstract [sv]

Den här studien jämför utställningar om evolution och livets uppkomst, i synnerhet de mänskliga arternas utveckling, på naturhistoriska museer i Sverige och Sydafrika. De två länderna är ganska olika, men delar uppgiften och viljan att utbilda hela sitt folk. Museum kan erbjuda en alternativ lärandemiljö med nya kunskaper och perspektiv, men evolution kan vara ett känsligt ämne på grund av religiösa skäl. Hur en utställning förstås beror på besökarens bakgrund och referensramar, vilka i sin tur kan bero på etnicitet, kultur och socioekonomisk klass.

Den här studien fokuserar på hur guider presenterar evolutionsämnet i sina visningar för skolklasser, och jämför de två länderna. Metoden har varit deltagande observation, och analysen baseras på teorier om etnicitet och multikulturell utbildning. Eftersom museerna i de båda länderna förlitar sig på samma forskning och samma fossil blir slutsatsen att visningarna och utställningarna är mindre olika än man först kan tro.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
museum, multicultural education, pedagogy
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-4176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-4176DiVA: diva2:358416
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-10-22 Created: 2010-10-21 Last updated: 2010-10-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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