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Hur fattas specifika utrikespolitiska beslut?: Externa hot och idéer i Clintons och Bushs Irakpolitik
Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How Are Specific Foreign Policy Decisions Made? : External Threats and Ideas in Clinton´s and Bush´s Iraq Policy (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to try to explain how specific, foreign policy decisions are made, and why one state decides to use violence against another state. A qualitative method is used, and text and documents are analysed. The two theoretical points of departure are central within foreign policy analysis: realism´s theories on external threats and constructivism´s theories on ideas´ policy influence. The empirical case chosen is the US decision to use military violence against Iraq. The paper investigates whether the real threat from Saddam Hussein´s Iraq was the cause of the American military attacks, or whether the ideas of leading politicians in the USA were decisive for the decision to invade the country. The main theoretical assumption is that politicians´ ideas – rather than real, external threats – influence their actions. 

The differences between President Clinton´s benevolent Iraq policy and President Bush´s aggressive Iraq policy can be summarized as a result of a combination of a changed external environment and differences in ideas on the use of military violence. The general conclusion is that politicians´ ideas – rather than real, external threats – influence their decision-making on specific foreign policy decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Bush, constructivism, Clinton, external threats, foreign policy decisions, ideas, Iraq, realism, Saddam Hussein
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-3892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-3892DiVA: diva2:354110
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2010-09-30 Created: 2010-09-30 Last updated: 2010-10-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf