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Institutionella barriärer: en studie om korruption i Indien utifrån svenska företags perspektiv
Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Institutional barriers : a study on corruption in India from Swedish companie´s perspectives (English)
Abstract [en]

The globalization today has led to increased global competition. As companies seek out foreign markets in order to internationalize their operations, it is common that they encounter many cultural problems. Bribery and corruption is a common problem in international trade. Corruption is strongly linked to the national culture which means that corruption is accepted in differing degrees within different nations. This can be a problem when companies establish their operations in foreign markets.

The purpose of this essay is to examine and analyze how companies act in a corrupt market without participating in corrupt activities.

The authors have performed both a qualitative and a quantitative study. Seven companies have been interviewed and 23 companies participated in a questionnaire survey. All companies that participated in the study are Swedish companies that have established their operations in India. The questions that are used in the interviews as well as the questionnaire are based on theories and literature that were used in the theoretical part of the essay.

The results show that the companies that participated in the study do not work entirely in accordance with the theory "strategies for coping with corruption". Swedish companies in India are mainly influenced by the administrative and little corruption in India. The majority of companies that participated in the study are acting in accordance with the rational choice theory. This is likely because the companies constantly work to maximize their profits, which leads to participation in some corrupt activities. Corruption may benefit the individual company while it may disfavour society as a whole.

Abstract [sv]

Den globalisering som präglar samhället idag har medfört att konkurrensen ökat globalt. Då företag söker sig till främmande marknader för att internationalisera sin verksamhet är det vanligt att det uppstår många kulturella problem. Ett vanligt problem inom internationella affärstransaktioner är mutor och korruption. Korruption är starkt kopplat till en nations kultur vilket gör att korruption accepteras olika på olika marknader. Därav kan det bli problem när företag etablerar sin verksamhet på främmande marknader.

 

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och analysera hur företag agerar på en korrupt marknad utan att själva delta i korrupt verksamhet.

 

Studien utgår ifrån både en kvalitativ och kvantitativ undersökningens metod. Sju intervjuer och en enkätundersökning med 23 svenska företag som är verksamma i Indien har genomförts. Frågorna som undersökningarna är baserade på utgår ifrån studiens teorier och litteratur.

 

Resultatet visar att företagen som deltog i studien inte arbetar helt i enlighet med teorin om strategier för hantering av korruption. Svenska företag i Indien påverkas främst av den administrativa och lilla korruptionen i Indien. En majoritet av företagen som deltog i studien agerar i enlighet med teorin rational choice då de strävar efter att hela tiden vinstmaximera, vilket innebär att de ibland deltar i korrupt verksamhet. Korruption kan gynna det enskilda företaget samtidigt som det kan missgynna samhället som helhet.

 

 

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 96 p.
Keyword [sv]
Indien, korruption, mutor, korruptfritt agerande, rational choice teorin.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-3702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-3702DiVA: diva2:328961
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-07-08 Created: 2010-07-07 Last updated: 2010-07-08Bibliographically approved

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