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From ”OTOP” to ”OSOP”: Empowering the slum through rural development
Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences. (Utveckling och Internationellt samarbete)
2010 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Urbanization is nourishing the urban poverty. Half of the World’s population is urban citizens and the number is increasing. Solutions to challenges can come from new ideas as well as previous tools. This study investigates the feasibility of applying a rural development program, One Tambon One Product (OTOP), and developed into a slum development strategy. By choosing the Klong Toey slum in central Bangkok, Thailand, the study contextualizes the demographic characteristics, values and realities into a theoretically applied study.

The focal aim of the study is to increase the understanding of a bottom-up approach of socio-economical development. By formalizing the informal occupations and by highlighting alternative incomes for slum dwellers to integrate in participatory decision making and influence their own path of development increase the socio-economical conditions. The study identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the OTOP project and systematically follow these variables into slum settings. Based on theoretical framework of participatory development and empowerment, the study discusses local contexts and Thai cultural characteristics followed by modifications of the original ideas from OTOP into a so called One Slum One Product (OSOP) project.

Abstract [sv]

Urbanisering föder urban fattigdom. Hälften av världens befolkning är stadsbor och antalet ökar. Lösningar på utmaningarna kan komma från nya idéer likaväl som tidigare verktyg. Denna studie undersöker möjligheterna att tillämpa ett landsbygdsutvecklingsprogram, One Tambon One Product (OTOP), till en slumutvecklingsstrategi. Genom att välja Klong Toey- slummen i centrala Bangkok, Thailand, har studien kontextualiseras de demografiska karaktäristikerna, värderingar och verkligheter till en teoretiskt applicerad studie.

Studiens tyngdpunkt är att öka förståelsen av en så kallas bottom-up inställning av socioekonomisk utveckling. Genom att formalisera de informella yrkena och belysa alternativa inkomstkällor för sluminvånare samt att integrera dem i det demokratiska beslutsfattandet ökar man socioekonomiska villkor.Studien identifierar OTOP:s styrkor och svagheter och följer systematiskt dessa variabler i slummiljö. Utifrån de teoretiska ramverken för deltagande utveckling och empowerment diskuterar studien den lokala kontexten, thailändska kulturella drag och modifieringen av OTOP idén till en så kallad One Slum One Product (OSOP) projekt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 49 p.
Keyword [en]
OTOP, OSOP, participation, empowerment, slum, Klong Toey, Thailand
Keyword [sv]
OTOP, OSOP, deltagande, empowerment, slum, Klong Toey, Thailand
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-3689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-3689DiVA: diva2:328239
Presentation
2010-06-03, MC221, Södertörns högskola, Alfred Nobels allé 7, 141 89 Huddinge, 09:53 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-07-02 Created: 2010-07-02 Last updated: 2010-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Sajda, Nathalie
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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Output format
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