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HIV/AIDS awareness and sexual behavior among adolescents in Babati Tanzania
Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of the ABC-progreme on adolescents in Babati Tanzania (English)
Abstract [en]

It is important to investigate how HIV/AIDS  awareness affects adolescent sexual behavior and how the HIV/AIDS information from the schools and the ABC-program (abstinence, be faithful, condoms) affects the students HIV/AIDS awareness and sexual behavior. The methods used in this study consist of qualitative semi-structured interviews, a quantitative questionnaire and statistical analysis (mainly preformed in R). The purpose of this study is to analyze how sexual behavior can be affected by HIV/AIDS awareness. The results from the interviews and the questionnaire were very different. Especially when it comes to the (age of first intercourse), information from the interviews gave the impression of a younger age at first intercourse than the results from the questionnaire did. No evidence was found that adolescent sexual behavior is affected by HIV/AIDS awareness.

In the context of the ABC-program, the students were not found to be abstinent; due to school regulations that consent to the expulsion of sexually active students it is even possible that the students stated a higher (age of first sexual intercourse) than what is really true. One of the informants stated that some students are as young as eight years of age when they have their first sexual experience (informant 7). The majority of the male students answered that the age of first intercourse is about 15 to 16 years of age and the majority of the female students stated 17-18 years of age or older (table 3, question 8). No evidence in this study supports the hypothesis that adolescent sexual behavior is affected by access to condoms. Condom access did not lead to an increase of the occurrence of sexual relationships nor did it seem to cause a lower age of first intercourse. This was the results that derived form four generalized models that were preformed in the statistics program R (table 4). There seemed to be a notion from some of the informants that the most adolescents are sexually active and the schools reluctance against promoting condoms may lead to the spread of STI’s amongst the students and to unwanted teenage pregnancies. Condoms should be provided for free to all students in secondary schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV/AIDS awareness, sexual behavior, Babati Tanzania, the ABC-program, Fema
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-2657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-2657DiVA: diva2:226634
Presentation
2009-06-03, MA735, Södertörns högskola, Alfred Nobels allé 7, 141 89 Huddinge, Flemingsberg, 11:00 (Swedish)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-07-03 Created: 2009-07-02 Last updated: 2009-07-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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