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Ekonomisk tillväxt, Miljöförstöring och Miljöskatt: En undersökning utifrån teorin om miljö Kuznets kurva (EKC)
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences. (Nationalekonomi)
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Pollution is one of humanity's most pressing problems. Although there are many types of pollution, air pollution is one of the main causes of global warming. Therefore, simultaneously improving environmental quality and economic growth, and studying the variables that affect this relationship, has been one of the key issues for researchers and policymakers in recent years, especially in the wake of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.This paper aims to estimate the relationship between carbon emissions, GDP per capita, renewable energy and non-renewable energy sources as well environmental taxes in G10 industrialized countries over the period 1972-2020. Regression analysis and panel data were used to answer the questions. Previous studies of the Ecological Kuznets Curve (EKC) for CO2 emissions, with most samples based on G10 member countries, have had mixed results. The environmental Kuznets curve shows that economic development initially leads to environmental degradation, but once economic growth reaches a certain level, the relationship between society and the environment begins to improve and the degree of environmental degradation decreases. From a very simple perspective, this might suggest that economic growth is good for the environment. Critics, however, argue that economic growth is not guaranteed to lead to environmental improvements, which can often backfire. At the very least, it requires very targeted policies and attitudes to ensure that economic growth goes hand in hand with environmental improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Carbon dioxide, carbon emissions, gross domestic product (GDP), environmental Kuznets-curve (EKC), G10-industrial countries
Keywords [sv]
Koldioxid (CO2), koldioxidutsläpp, bruttonationalprodukt (BNP), miljö kuznets kurva (EKC), G10-Industriländer
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-51410DiVA, id: diva2:1754326
Subject / course
Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

 Tre helt olika miljö-/BNP-kurvor

Studien undersöker etablerade teorier för att beskriva sambandet mellan miljöskador och ekonomisk aktivitet, inklusive Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), Brundtland Curve Hypothesis (BCH) och Environmental Daly Curve (EDC).

Available from: 2023-05-11 Created: 2023-05-03 Last updated: 2023-05-11Bibliographically approved

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Ekonomisk tillväxt, Miljöförstöring och Miljöskatt(825 kB)80 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-oxford.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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