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WTO, GMO and the precautionary principle: the conflict between trade liberalisation and environmental protection
Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
2007 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study examines the possible incompatibility between environmental conventions and agreements promoting international trade. More specifically, it aims at discussing the Precautionary Principle and the WTO agreements on trade and how they might contradict each other on the international arena. The study focuses on the international trade with genetically modified organisms and discusses probable needs of reformulating the principles and/or conventions concerned if these are to function as tools of equal importance when handling environmental problems through policy making. The controversy is illustrated through a case-study of a trade dispute where the conflicting principles: the Precautionary Principle and WTO agreements on trade are involved, namely a dispute where a formal complaint to the WTO by the US, Canada and Argentina about the European Community supposedly applying a de facto moratorium on genetically modified organisms had the final outcome of the European Community being found to contravene international trade rules. The study concludes that actors on the international arena are still opinions apart concerning the way to perceive possible risks connected to biotechnology and genetically modified organisms. This incongruence is also found to apply to the status of the Precautionary Principle as a rule of international law as well as to which of the conventions that were applicable to the concerned dispute.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Institutionen för livsvetenskaper , 2007. , 71 p.
Keyword [en]
Precautionary Principle, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), environmental risks, European Community, World Trade Organization
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-1623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-1623DiVA: diva2:15723
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-05-21 Created: 2008-05-21

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fulltext(387 kB)1690 downloads
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e1df53332047ced7344ada88f9404ed10e7ada32b70aee3598fcee6d9402769433a666c0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf