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Political economy of state-indigenous liaisons: Ecuador in times of Alianza PAIS
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. (Development studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7088-971X
Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Quito.
2019 (English)In: Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, ISSN 0924-0608, E-ISSN 1879-4750, no 108, p. 193-220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the contentious liaisons between the indigenous movement and the state in Ecuador during the government of Alianza PAIS under the presidency of Rafael Correa (2007-2017). The research question examines to which measure, how and why the shift from neoliberal to leftist administrations could have affected the principal strategic repertoire of the indigenous movement. Leaning on a political economy approach and social movement theorizing, and accentuating the relative power balance between the indigenous movement and the state, it focuses on indigenous oppositional strategies and the ambivalent attitude of the state regarding participatory democracy and the rights of the indigenous peoples. By contrasting this period with the neoliberal 1990s – considered the heyday of the indigenous struggle – we examine contemporary strategic responses of the movement amidst the new political setting characterized by hyper-presidentialism and a systematic effort to de-corporatize the state. A central finding is that, while retaining its powerful organizational network which could be reactivated during critical situations, the indigenous movement weakened in relation to the 1990s. This relative decline is manifested in three types of social movement relationships: between leaders and grassroots (mobilizing capacity); between the movement and its alliance partners (alliance politics); and between the movement and the legal institutional terrain of the state (institutional participation).

Abstract [es]

Este artículo analiza las relaciones conflictivas entre el movimiento indígena y el Estado en Ecuador durante el gobierno de Alianza PAIS cuando ejercía la presidencia Rafael Correa, (2007-2017). La pregunta de investigación es la medida en la cual, cómo y por qué el desplazamiento desde el neoliberalismo hacia la izquierda pudo afectar los principales repertorios de estrategias del movimiento indígena. Desde un enfoque de economía política y de las teorías de los movimientos sociales y considerando los cambios en el balance de poder entre el movimiento indígena y el Estado, el artículo se enfoca en las estrategias de oposición de los indígenas y en la actitud ambivalente del Estado respecto a la democracia participativa y a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. En contraste con los años neoliberales (1990s) que fueron considerados los de mayor influencia de la lucha indígena, examinamos las estrategias contemporáneas del movimiento en medio de las nuevas circunstancias políticas caracterizadas por el hiper-presidencialismo y un sistemático esfuerzo de descorporativización del Estado. Un hallazgo central del trabajo es que, aunque conserva la potencia de su poderosa red organizativa, que le permite reactivarse en coyunturas críticas, el movimiento indígena se debilitó en comparación con los años 1990. Este declive relativo se manifiesta en tres campos: la relación entre los líderes y las bases (capacidad de movilización); la relación entre el movimiento y sus aliados (la política de alianzas); y la relación entre el movimiento y el terreno institucional del Estado (participación institucional).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation/CEDLA , 2019. no 108, p. 193-220
Keywords [en]
Alianza PAIS, Citizens’ Revolution, CONAIE, de-corporatization, Indigenous movement, Indigenous societal corporatism
Keywords [es]
Alianza PAIS, CONAIE, corporativismo social indígena, descorporativización, movimiento indígena, Revolución Ciudadana.
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Other research area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39630DOI: 10.32992/erlacs.10541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-39630DiVA, id: diva2:1380970
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-01828Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Lalander Lembke Ospina 2019(424 kB)29 downloads
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