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Indigenous People, Vulnerability and the Security Dilemma: Sami School Education on the Kola Peninsula, 1917–1991
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9741-2145
2019 (English)In: Sámi educational history in a comparative international perspective / [ed] Otso Kortekangas, Pigga Keskitalo, Jukka Nyyssönen, Andrej Kotljarchuk, Merja Paksuniemi, and David Sjögren, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 63-82Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this chapter is to discuss the political aspects of vulnerability in the context of theSami school education system. Until the end of the nineteenth century, the Russian Sami had no native-language school system or native textbooks. The Soviet regime was established on the Kola peninsula only in 1920, three years after the 1917 revolution. The politics of selfdetermination, the so-called korenizatsiya (indigenization), became a tool for Bolsheviks pursuing a nationalist agenda for the “oppressed” Sami people. The Soviet policy of indigenization collapsed in 1937 when the secret police NKVD fabricated the formation of a Sami underground rebel organization. In 1938 all the Sami schools were closed, and the Sami language textbooks were confiscated. The promotion of Sami education in Russia was then completely suspended until the establishment of Perestroika.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. p. 63-82
Keywords [en]
Sami school education, vulnerability of indigenous peoples, security dilemma, Russian North
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Historical Studies; Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39248DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24112-4_5ISBN: 9783030241117 (print)ISBN: 9783030241124 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-39248DiVA, id: diva2:1366712
Part of project
Soviet Nordic Minorities and EthnicCleansings on the Kola Peninsula, The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A001-2012Available from: 2019-10-30 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2019-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Kotljarchuk, Andrej

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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