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Memories of the War-Time Nationalist Movement during the Orange Revolution (2004) and the Euromaidan (2014): Similarities, Differences, and Purposes of the Use of the Past in the Turbulent Times of the Present
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6835-0862
2019 (English)In: World War II Re-explored Some New Millennium Studies in the History of the Global Conflict / [ed] Jarosław Suchoples, Stephanie James and Barbara Törnquist-Plewa, Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2019, p. 411-430Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyses how the memory of the war-time nationalist movement represented by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and its military arm the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) was used in the Ukraine during the most turbulent moments of its recent history, the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the Euromaidan in 2013/2014. It shows how in 2004 the memory of the OUN and UPA was used with propaganda intent in the election campaign which resulted in fraud, and consequently led to mass protests. During the Euromaidan, the memory of these organizations was used primarily as a symbol of radicalism and revolution. Furthermore, it is argued that constant insecurity about the end of the ‘struggle for independence,’ i.e. fear that independence can be lost again, strengthened adherence to the heroic memory of OUN and UPA for both the political right and the political center. In this way, the heroic memory of the OUN and UPA presented a means to existential security. In this usage, this memory is full of ‘factual’ drawbacks as it neglects, ignores, and circumvents historical evidence about the atrocities committed by the OUN and UPA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2019. p. 411-430
Keywords [en]
memory, Ukraine, nationalism, Euromaidan, Orange revolution
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies; Historical Studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38660DiVA, id: diva2:1340423
Part of project
Religion and Politics in Ukraine: The Influence of Churches and Religious Traditions in Formation of Collective Memory, The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 1822Available from: 2019-08-05 Created: 2019-08-05 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved

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Yurchuk, Yuliya

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf