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Gender representations in Finnish and Swedish EFL textbooks: A contrastive study
Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study is to analyze gender representations in Finnish and Swedish EFL textbooks for the ninth grade of compulsory school. The data under investigation are texts and dialogues found in chapters from six different EFL textbooks. The frequencies of mentions of genders and the use of adjectives and verbs are analyzed. A quantitative analysis is conducted to examine differences with regard to frequencies of mentions and a qualitative analysis is conducted to qualitatively analyze the use of adjectives and verbs. Finnish and Swedish EFL textbooks are compared to investigate the possible differences between the two countries.

The results showed that in total in all six EFL textbooks, male characters were mentioned more often (627 times) than female characters (559 times). The difference between the genders was, however, not significant. In the Swedish textbooks, female characters were mentioned 414 times (54 %) and male characters were mentioned 359 times (46 %). In the Finnish EFL textbooks, male characters were mentioned more often (268 times, 65 %) than female characters (145 times, 35 %). Measured in percents, female characters were mentioned in the Finnish EFL textbooks 19 % less than in the Swedish EFL textbooks. In both countries, the genders were described almost equally often with adjectives having positive and negative connotations. Several same verbs, for example, ‘be’, ‘do’, ‘say’ and ‘walk’ were repeated in descriptions of female and male characters’ active and passive actions. The results regarding verbs showed that male characters were described as carrying out physical activity more often than female characters. Male characters ‘built’ and ‘fixed’ things, whereas female characters ‘knitted’ and ‘danced’. The results showed that there were not that many differences between the two countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Gender, adjectives, verbs, Finland, Sweden, EFL, textbooks, the ninth grade
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38585DiVA, id: diva2:1336862
Subject / course
Education
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-07-11 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf