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Competitive victimhood and reconciliation: the case of Turkish–Armenian relations
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1526-0521
2019 (English)In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper argues that conflicts tend to be intractable if collective victimhood has become a component of national identity, and when conflicting communities claim to be the ‘real’ or ‘only’ victims, and that their suffering justifies crimes past and present. Turkish and Armenian narratives of competitive victimhood are analysed drawing on public opinion polls from Turkey and Armenia, and personal interviews with Turks and Armenians. The study corroborates past theory and research that competitive victimhood prevents reconciliation, particularly if it has become an essential part of national identity. The paper also shows that Turkish–Armenian relations remain at the bottom stage of the reconciliation ladder. Yet, some of our empirical observations suggest that when grass-roots level interaction between Turks and Armenians is facilitated (which has been prevented not least because of the closed border), there is room for the abandonment of competitive victimhood at least on an interpersonal level, if not on a general societal or political level. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Armenians, competitive victimhood, identity, peace, reconciliation, Turks
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38159DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2019.1611073ISI: 000469670600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065072443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38159DiVA, id: diva2:1317194
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European StudiesAvailable from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Demirel, CaglaEriksson, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf