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Handlandets gränsöverskridande: En undersökning av den filosofiska grundläggningen hos J.G. Fichte och Benjamin Höijer
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the relation between the conception of an act as the original ground of all knowledge and the conception of the I as self-limiting in the philosophies of Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Benjamin Höijer. By relating the philosophical project of these two thinkers to Kant’s definition of enlightenment it argues that, while both Fichte and Höijer seek to find a satisfactory refutation of scepticism, their motive for doing this is chiefly a practical rather than a theoretical one: their ambition is to show how knowledge is only possible through human freedom and independence. Thus, the scep-tical doubt about whether true knowledge of the external world is possible is transformed into a ques-tion about how the fundamentally free and infinite I can stand in a relation to a “not-I” posited beyond itself. Both Fichte and Höijer try to answer this question by arguing that such a limit of the I’s subjec-tivity must be a product of an original free act, and that it is therefore only thinkable in relation to the infinite nature of the concept of action. The main difference between their respective philosophies lies in their characterisations of this original, limit-imposing act: for Fichte, it is synonymous with the I, while for Höijer, it must necessarily precede any agent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
Fichte, Höijer, German idealism
Keywords [sv]
Fichte, Höijer, tysk idealism
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-37342DiVA, id: diva2:1294274
Subject / course
History of Ideas
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf