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Narcissism or Masquerade? Selfies as Visual Communication in Vocational Education Classrooms
Karlstad University.
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Uppsala universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5627-2158
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of NERA 2019: The Annual Conference of the Nordic Educational Research Association, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Being the third most popular platform among Swedish people as of 2018 (Internetstiftelsen, 2018), and the most used platform among Swedish teenagers (Statens Medieråd, 2017, p. 49), Snapchat use among Swedish youths has not been substantially investigated from discourse analytic perspectives (however, see Wickström, upcoming). The present study examines interactional aspects of Snapchat use by Swedish teenagers in a vocational school setting, based on a combination of video recordings of classroom activity and screen-recorded smart phone use.

The data for this article is drawn from a larger collection of video and screen recordings of youths’ smart phone usage in Swedish upper secondary schools (“Uppkopplade klassrum”, VR/UVK, Dnr 2015-01044) and consists of approximately 75 hours of recordings of students in two upper secondary classes; learners of hairdressing and building- and construction work.

Larsen & Sandbye (2013) suggest that we need to “look at photos not just as images but as material and social objects that mould and create identity and social relations between people”. Thus, we approach the images and interactions in the data by applying a framework inspired by the works of Erving Goffman on impression management (Goffman, 1990); specifically concerning interactional aspects of self-presentation and processes of situated identities.

The results from this study gives us important insights into digital youth culture in general, and more specifically about the very image loaded lives youths live, in and through their use of smartphones. The study goes in depth to show how the use of images is done in actual practice and when it occurs in interaction in an institutional setting. The use of selfies among youths has often been described as narcissistic (Sorokowski et. al., 2015), but by showing when and how the actual production and consumption of images is done, this study aims to differentiate and make visible the different kinds of actions made by the users; self-presentations, self-representations and masquerade, thus emancipating the youths and giving them a certain amount of agency. More specifically, we note that the use of smart phone cameras and images mirrors different aspects present in these vocational classroom cultures, as have been found by previous research (Nyström, 2012), and the anti-school culture that can be seen in these vocational education data stands in stark contrast to what can be found in similar data concerning upper secondary schools preparing for ensuing studies (Wickström, upcoming).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
visual communication, identity construction, vocational education, selfies
National Category
Pedagogy Media and Communication Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-37576DiVA, id: diva2:1287648
Conference
NERA 2019: The Annual Conference of the Nordic Educational Research Association, March 6-8, Uppsala, Sweden
Note

References:

Goffman, E. (1990). The presentation of self in everyday life. (Reprt.) London [etc.]: Penguin books.

Internetstiftelsen. (2018). Svenskarna och Internet 2018. Stiftelsen för internetinfrastruktur. https://doi.org/978-91-85291-14-4

Larsen, J. & Sandbye, M. (eds.) (2014). Digital snaps: the new face of photography. London: I.B. Tauris.

Nyström, A. (2012). Att synas och lära utan att synas lära: en studie om underprestation och privilegierade unga mäns identitetsförhandlingar i gymnasieskolan. Diss. Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2012. Uppsala.

Sorokowski, Piotr & Sorokowska, Agnieszka & Oleszkiewicz, Anna & Frackowiak, Tomasz & Huk, A & Pisanski, Katarzyna. (2015). Selfie posting behaviors are associated with narcissism among men. Personality and Individual Differences. 85. 10.1016/j.paid.2015.05.004.

Statens medieråd (2017). Ungar och medier 2017. Stockholm: Statens medieråd.

Wickström, P. (upcoming).

Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
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Output format
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