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The Ecosystem Approach and Sustainable Development in Baltic Sea Marine Spatial Planning: The Social Pillar, a ‘Slow Train Coming’
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8536-373X
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2166-5717
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
2018 (English)In: The Ecosystem Approach in Ocean Planning and Governance: Perspectives from Europe and Beyond / [ed] David Langlet and Rosemary Rayfuse, Nijhoff: Brill Nijhoff, 2018, p. 160-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter develops an analytical framework, drawing on the multidimensional role of integration, to explore how the Ecosystem Approach (EA) is variously conceived and practiced in marine spatial planning (MSP) in the Baltic Sea region (BSR). This framework is used to examine how EA practices reflect differing conceptions of sustainable development (SD) in Baltic marine and coastal areas. This work intersects with several of the other chapters on marine planning in this volume by explicitly exploring links between EA and SD through examination of in-depth BSR case studies. Results reveal that EA principles for MSP developed at the international level (HELCOM/VASAB) and in some national MSP settings (e.g. Latvia), combined with a common assumption of ecological limits to development, largely acknowledge a wide definition of EA as a governance approach building on societal choice and diverse knowledge inclusion (as seen e.g. in the Malawi principles). However, looking at more specific guidelines and MSP practices, there is a significant gap between espoused principles and the practical implementation of EA in BSR MSP, especially regarding social aspects of sustainability such as participation, social inclusion and knowledge pluralism. While work on ecological services in EA looks promising as a means of developing joined-up thinking between ecological and economic interests, it is uncertain whether this approach can deliver on EA’s social sustainability ambitions. We conclude the chapter by discussing ways that could strengthen the social pillar in MSP as a form of governance to bridge the gap between EA principles and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nijhoff: Brill Nijhoff, 2018. p. 160-194
Series
Publications on Ocean Development, ISSN 0924-1922
Keywords [en]
Marine and coastal management, ecosystem-based approach, MSP, social sustainability, Sustainable Development Goal 14, marine governance, maritime planning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37186DOI: 10.1163/9789004389984_007Local ID: 2186/3.1.1/2014ISBN: 978-90-04-38998-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-37186DiVA, id: diva2:1276444
Projects
Baltspace
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 2186/3.1.1/2014BONUS - Science for a better future of the Baltic Sea region, 185Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

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Gilek, MichaelSaunders, FredStalmokaite, Igne

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