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Caught between the Eastern Europe Empires: the case of the alleged Netot Roms
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
2018 (English)In: Slovak Ethnology, ISSN 1335-1303, E-ISSN 1339-9357, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 501-522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the seminal study of Marushiakova and Popov (2013) on the “Gypsy” groups in Eastern Europe it is hinted that the issue of the ethnic groups, and precisely that of their appellations (ethnonyms and/or professionyms), their unclear, nay, hazy demarcation, are specific to a greater degree to the Southeastern Europe and adjacent areas, and less to the Romani groups in Western Europe who have, largely speaking, Romani endonyms (Manuš, Sinti, Kaale, etc), which delimitate them more accurately. In Romanian quarters, the different ethno-socio-professional Romani categories are described for the first time in the first Romanian Constitution (1832), chapter “Improvement of the status of the Gypsies”, article 94. Among the 6 categories described, mention is made of the alleged Netots ‘stupid’, who were the real nomads of that time, were not practicing any specific skill, and were held responsible for all transgressions. The current article is an historical and linguistic investigation of this alleged ethno-professional category, demonstrating that the “Netot” issue is a connivance conceived by the Russian administration and the local politicians in order to solve the “problem” of the errant groups, in the context of the plague outbreak in 1831–1832, by creating a political reason to dispatch them to the defeated Ottoman Empire. The article provides sources and open questions instead of giving answers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bratislava, 2018. Vol. 66, no 4, p. 501-522
Keywords [en]
Netot Roms, “German Gypsies”, Romanian Roms, Barbu Constantinescu, Romani folk stories and songs, Ursari (dialect)
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37176DOI: 10.26363/SN.2018.4.08Local ID: 3141-3.1.1-2017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-37176DiVA, id: diva2:1276293
Projects
Mapping the Roma Community in 19th century Wallachia (Östersjöstiftelsen, 2018-2021)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 27/2017Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Julieta Rotaru_Netot Roms(348 kB)22 downloads
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Rotaru, Julieta

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Citation style
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